TOOLS AND PUBLICATIONS

 

 

In order to enhance the knowledge base available for Member States to develop effective international responses to firearms trafficking and related offences, UNODC has produced a series of regional and global and thematic tools and publications:

 

(I) LEGISLATIVE GUIDE FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PROTOCOL AGAINST THE ILLICIT MANUFACTURING OF AND TRAFFICKING IN FIREARMS, THEIR PARTS AND COMPONENTS AND AMMUNITION, SUPPLEMENTING THE UNITED NATIONS CONVENTION AGAINST TRANSNATIONAL ORGANIZED CRIME.

The purpose of this guide is to promote and assist in efforts to ratify and implement the Protocol, the primary focus will be on provisions that are mandatory to some degree and the elements of those provisions which are particularly essential to ratification and implementation efforts. Elements that are likely to be legislative or administrative or are likely to fall within other such categories will be identified as such in general terms, but appear in the guide based on the substance of the obligation and not the nature of actions that may be required to carry it out, which may vary to some degree from one country or legal system to another. (It should be noted, however, that the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime made it clear that it saw the obligation to establish criminal offences as being primarily legislative in nature (see the interpretative notes for the official records (travaux préparatoires) of the negotiation of the Organized Crime Convention (A/55/383/Add.1), para. 69).)

 

 

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Legislative guide for the Firearms Protocol

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(II) MODEL LAW AGAINST THE ILLICIT MANUFACTURING OF AND  TRAFFICKING IN FIREARMS, THEIR PARTS AND COMPONENTS AND AMMUNITION.

The Model Law against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition was developed by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) in response to the request of the General Assembly to the Secretary-General to promote and assist the efforts of Member States to become party to and implement the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime1 and the Protocols thereto.2 It was developed in particular to assist States in implementing a legislative regime consistent with the provisions contained in the Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime.3 Consequently, the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, in its decision 4/6, adopted at its fourth session, urged States parties to the Firearms Protocol to strengthen their national legislation in a manner consistent with the Protocol, and requested the Secretariat to facilitate, whenever possible, technical assistance to States parties facing difficulties in its implementation; and also requested the Secretariat to develop technical assistance tools to assist States parties in the implementation of the Firearms Protocol.

The Model Law is also a response to the specific technical assistance needs identified by Member States in the questionnaires/checklist used to gather information and assess the implementation of the Organized Crime Convention and the Protocols thereto,4 in which many States indicated the need for model legislation or guidelines in order to harmonize domestic legislation with the requirements of the Convention and its Protocols. The Model Law will both facilitate and help systematize provision of legislative assistance by the Convention as well as facilitate review and amendment of existing legislation and adoption of new legislation by States themselves. It is designed to be adaptable to the needs of each State, whatever its legal tradition and social,  economic, cultural and geographical conditions.

 

 

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Model Law for the Firearms Protocol

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(III) RATIFICATION KIT - PROTOCOL AGAINST THE ILLICIT MANUFACTURING OF AND TRAFFICKING IN FIREARMS, THEIR PARTS AND COMPONENTS AND AMMUNITION, SUPPLEMENTING THE UNITED NATIONS CONVENTION AGAINST TRANSNATIONAL ORGANIZED CRIME AND AMMUNITION, SUPPLEMENTING THE UNITED NATIONS CONVENTION AGAINST TRANSNATIONAL ORGANIZED CRIME

The purpose of the Ratification Kit is to strengthen and unify international cooperation and to develop cohesive mechanisms to prevent, combat and eradicate the illicit manufacturing of, and trafficking in firearms, their parts and components and ammunition (firearms). The Protocol is the first legally binding instrument on small arms that has been adopted at the global level. By ratifying or acceding to the Protocol, States make a commitment to adopt a series of anti-crime measures and implement in their domestic legal systems three sets of normative provisions. The first of such provisions relates to the establishment of criminal offences pertaining to the illegal manufacturing of, and trafficking in, firearms on the basis of the Protocol's requirements and definitions. The second concerns a system of government authorization or licensing for ensuring the legitimate manufacturing of, and trafficking in, firearms. The third relates to the marking and tracing of firearms. Thus, the Protocol provides for a framework for States to control and regulate licit arms and arms flows, prevent their diversion into the illegal market and facilitate the investigation and prosecution of related offences without hampering legitimate transfers. Ensuring that the Firearms Protocol fulfils its purpose requires the widest possible adherence and implementation among States.

 

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(IV) THE TRAINING CURRICULUM ON FIREARMS CONTROL, INVESTIGATION AND PROSECUTION, AND THE OPERATIONAL TRAINING CURRIVULUM ON SEIZURE, CONFISCATION, DEACTIVATION AND DESTRUCTION OF FIREARMS AND AMMUNITIONS

[Under Development]