UNODC assists governments to address the issue of illicit firearms manufacturing and trafficking and firearms related criminality through a holistic and multi-pronged approach. Under its Global Project on Firearms UNODC supports:


Training and Capacity Building

UNODC activities provides technical assistance for strengthening the criminal justice responses to firearms trafficking and tailor capacity-building activities to increase competency to effectively implement the Firearms Protocol requirements in key areas, such as marking, record-keeping, tracing and transfer controls.

Moreover, it also aims to enhance the capacity of criminal justice institutions and their practitioners to detect, investigate and prosecute firearms criminality, illicit trafficking cases and their links to organized crime including through specialized training in investigative techniques, crime scene management, and forensic ballistics capacity development.

Additionally, the Organization envisages the strengthening of regional and cross-regional communication platforms to foster regular contacts and information exchange and increase levels of confidence among competent authorities, intelligence services, and law enforcement about current trafficking trends to facilitate informed decision-making.

Under the GPF, the UNODC is developing a comprehensive training curriculum on firearms control. The curriculum has a modular format and covers a wide range of areas, from normative to technical aspects, including specialized modules on complex criminal investigations and forensic work, to the development of national strategies, including advocacy and awareness raising activities involving civil society. It is intended to serve as a guide and a reference for the planning and delivery of customized national and regional training activities.


Research and analysis on firearms trafficking

UNODC. promotes evidence based knowledge on firearms trafficking trends and patterns and its transnational dimension, in compliance with resolution 5/4 adopted by the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations.

UNODC has also contributed towards the development of a general study on the transnational nature of and routes used in trafficking in firearms, based on the analysis of information provided by States on confiscated weapons and ammunition. UNODC provides support for improving the capacities of States to collect, research and analyse crime and firearms related data and increasing the knowledge on existing or emerging trafficking trends in order to facilitate informed decision-making, as well as enhancing their marking, record-keeping, tracing and transfer control systems

Furthermore, as a cross cutting element, firearms are also featured in many publications, developed by UNODC.


Technical assistance for the implementation of the Firearms Protocol

UNODC works with national authorities on the implementation of the preventive and security measures envisaged by the Firearms Protocol. UNODC supports the establishment of firearms record systems and related registries, including registries for imported, exported, transferred, seized, confiscated and destroyed firearms and ammunition. UNODC assists with the implementation of marking regimes and places specific emphasis on the implementation of import marking of firearms. UNODC works with law enforcement and judicial authorities to ensure that the required security measures are in place for the seized and confiscated firearms and ammunition.


Awareness-raising and support of Civil Society participation:

UNODC assists States in the development of tailored knowledge, awareness raising activities and crime prevention strategies to strengthen national controls over firearms, including, where appropriate, support for the development of collection campaigns, and the subsequent destruction of firearms.

Furthermore, UNODC engages in working with civil society organizations (CSO) aiming to support and monitor the effective implementation of firearms control regimes. UNODC provides information and capacity-building to CSOs on the implementation of the Firearms Protocol provisions into the domestic legal system and their impact on the national firearms control strategies. UNODC strengthens CSOs oversight capacity through participation in capacity-building workshops and inclusion of  special sessions for CSOs and parliamentarians.