To end the AIDS epidemic by 2030, key populations including people who use drugs and people in prisons must not be left behind.

In 151 countries, an estimated 12 million people inject drugs. An estimated 1.7 million are infected with HIV. Nearly 10 per cent of global HIV infections are due to unsafe injecting drug use, with this figure rising to 30 per cent if sub-Saharan Africa is excluded.

Among prison populations the prevalence of HIV, sexually transmitted infections, hepatitis B and C viruses and tuberculosis is 2 to 10 times higher than in the general population, worldwide.

A co-sponsor of the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), UNODC is the convening agency for HIV prevention, treatment, care and support among people who use drugs and ensures access to comprehensive HIV services for people in prisons.

The UNODC global HIV programme supports countries to achieve universal access to comprehensive HIV prevention, treatment, care and support services for people who use drugs and for people in prisons.

UNODC supports governments and civil society organisations to implement large-scale and wide-ranging evidence-informed and human rights-based interventions.

Our work is aligned to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in particular SDG target 3.3 to end AIDS by 2030 and the UNAIDS Fast-Track Strategy 2016-2021 that calls for a 75 per cent reduction of new HIV infections including among people who inject drugs by 2020.

Photo: UNODC Vienna

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