Online Toolkit to Combat Trafficking in Persons

Chapter 1 - International Legal Framework

TRAFFICKING-RELATED DEFINITIONS

Tool 1.1 Definition of trafficking

Tool 1.2 Distinguishing between trafficking in persons and smuggling of migrants

Tool 1.3 The issue of consent

INSTRUMENTS AGAINST TRANSNATIONAL ORGANIZED CRIME

Tool 1.4 Introduction to international instruments against transnational organized crime

Tool 1.5 Implementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and the Protocols thereto

Tool 1.6 Ratification of the Trafficking in Persons Protocol

Tool 1.7 Other relevant international instruments

Tool 1.8 Regional instruments

Because international cooperation is a basic condition for successfully responding to trafficking in persons, bilateral, regional and global agreements are needed, in addition to domestic efforts, to strengthen law enforcement and judicial responses to transnational crime.

The Trafficking in Persons Protocol represents an effort to harmonize global understanding of the concept of trafficking in persons. Tool 1.1 discusses the definition used in the Protocol and its complexities, Tool 1.2 clarifies the distinctions between trafficking in persons and smuggling of migrants, and Tool 1.3 explores the complicated issue of consent in potential and actual situations of trafficking in persons.

The international instruments which have emerged in response to transnational organized crime are introduced in Tool 1.4. Tool 1.5 explains how States can commit themselves to implementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, and the Protocols thereto, and recommends resources to strengthen understanding of the obligations they take on in doing so. A selection of other international instruments relevant to combating the crime of trafficking is presented in Tool 1.7.

 

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