Online Toolkit to Combat Trafficking in Persons
Chapter 4 - International Criminal Justice Cooperation
MECHANISMS OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE COOPERATION
Tool 4.1 Overview of mechanisms of criminal justice cooperation under the Organized Crime Convention
Tool 4.2 Extradition
Tool 4.3 Extradition checklist
Tool 4.4 Mutual legal assistance
Tool 4.5 Mutual legal assistance checklist
Tool 4.6 International cooperation for the purposes of confiscation
METHODS OF LAW ENFORCEMENT COOPERATION
Tool 4.7 International law enforcement cooperation
Tool 4.8 Article 27 of the Organized Crime Convention, on law enforcement cooperation
Tool 4.9 Bilateral and multilateral cooperation agreements or arrangements
Tool 4.10 Promising cooperative practice
The fight against criminal organizations involved in human trafficking calls for broad, multi-agency, flexible and cooperative approaches, both nationally and internationally. The shortcomings of national systems working alone and of existing cooperation patterns have been exposed in many States. It is a fact that some of the best results in the prosecution of trafficking in persons have been obtained when the law enforcement and prosecution agencies have been able to work together effectively, both locally and across borders.
The Organized Crime Convention provides a framework for international cooperation in combating organized crime in general and trafficking in persons specifically. The implementation of the Convention by States parties removes most of the obstacles that have so far prevented them from collaborating more efficiently. Tool 4.1 provides an overview of this cooperative framework. This is followed by discussion of the specific cooperative mechanisms of extradition ( Tool 4.2), mutual legal assistance ( Tool 4.4) and seizure of assets and confiscation of proceeds of crime ( Tool 4.6). Checklists for extradition and for mutual legal assistance are provided in Tool 4.3 and Tool 4.5 respectively.
The Organized Crime Convention is intended to enhance the integration and synchronization of law enforcement mechanisms to prevent and fight transnational organized crime. Aspects of this international law enforcement cooperation in fighting the transnational organized crime of trafficking in persons are discussed in Tool 4.7 and the provisions of article 27 of the Convention are introduced in Tool 4.8. Bilateral, regional and global agreements reflect the realization that transnational crimes can be addressed effectively only through collaboration on the part of the States involved or affected. Promising practice in the area of bilateral and multilateral cooperation agreements and arrangements is offered in Tool 4.9 and of law enforcement cooperation in Tool 4.10.
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