Online Toolkit to Combat Trafficking in Persons

Chapter 8 - Victim Assistance

PRINCIPLES OF VICTIM ASSISTANCE

Tool 8.1 Obligations of States

Tool 8.2 Obligations of States to child victims

Tool 8.3 Protection, assistance and human rights

TYPES OF VICTIM ASSISTANCE

Tool 8.4 Language and translation assistance

Tool 8.5 Medical assistance

Tool 8.6 Psychological assistance

Tool 8.7 Material assistance

Tool 8.8 Shelter programmes

Tool 8.9 Rehabilitation, skills training and education

Tool 8.10 Promising examples of integrated services

HIV/AIDS AND TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS

Tool 8.11 Overview of HIV/AIDS

Tool 8.12 Responses to the vulnerability to HIV/AIDS of victims of trafficking in persons

Tool 8.13 HIV guidelines for law enforcers, prosecutors and judges

Tool 8.14 Testing and counselling for HIV/AIDS among people vulnerable to trafficking in persons

Tool 8.15 HIV referral model for people vulnerable to trafficking in persons

JUSTICE FOR VICTIMS

Tool 8.16 Access to information and legal representation

Tool 8.17 Restitution and compensation for victims

Protecting and assisting victims is a paramount obligation of States which must be considered in all dealings with actual and potential victims of trafficking.

Tool 8.1 discusses obligations of States in offering assistance to victims and Tool 8.2 focuses on special considerations relating to child victims. Tool 8.3 explores the human rights dimensions of protection and assistance and offers principles, guidelines and resources to ensure that human rights are respected at all times. Tool 8.4 to Tool 8.10 address specific types of assistance which should be made available to victims of trafficking, including language and translation assistance ( Tool 8.4), medical and psychological assistance ( Tool 8.5 and Tool 8.6) and material assistance ( Tool 8.7). Safe refuge for victims of trafficking is essential both for their protection and for the effective delivery of other forms of assistance; different types of shelter and various considerations for the establishment of shelters are discussed in Tool 8.8. To break the cycle of vulnerability and to facilitate the reintegration of victims, victims must be empowered through effective rehabilitation, skills training and education, as discussed in Tool 8.9. No one form of assistance is sufficient to assist victims fully; an effective approach to victim assistance is one that is long-term and multi-faceted, offering a range of services to meet the individual needs of victims. Various promising examples of holistic approaches to victim assistance are offered in Tool 8.10.

The complicated relationship between HIV/AIDS and trafficking in persons must be borne in mind at all stages of assisting actual and potential victims of trafficking. Tool 8.11 to Tool 8.14 aim to provide anti-trafficking actors at every stage and every level with pertinent and potentially life-saving information with respect to HIV/AIDS. Tool 8.15 offers an HIV referral model for developed countries.

Lastly, it must be borne in mind that victims of trafficking are victims of crime and, as such, they have a right to justice. Access to information and legal representation necessary to afford them access to justice are discussed in Tool 8.16 and the forms that such justice can take are considered in Tool 8.17.

 

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