Migrant Smuggling

UNODC and Smuggling of Migrants: News, Events and Publications
  • 21/02/2012
    Intelligence is key to fighting migrant smuggling: UNODC provides analysis training for law enforcers in Asia

    Bangkok (Thailand), 21 February 2012 - Migrant smuggling is an organized criminal activity that operates across borders. It threatens countries' security, makes smuggled migrants vulnerable to exploitation and human trafficking, and generates enormous profits for the criminals involved, who face little risk of detection and punishment. Migrant smuggling networks are highly organized, professional and flexible, constantly changing routes and methods in response to law enforcement measures.
    To assist government efforts to craft an effective, coordinated response, the UNODC Regional Training Programme on Operational and Strategic Analysis on Migrant Smuggling held a first round of workshops that brought to Thailand 54 law enforcement and immigration personnel from Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Viet Nam and the Pacific Immigration Directors' Conference (PIDC) for training in operational and strategic analysis of migrant smuggling.

  • 13/02/2012
    International Framework for Action to Implement the Smuggling of Migrants Protocol

    The International Framework for Action to Implement the Smuggling of Migrants Protocol is now available. The Framework for Action is a technical assistance tool that aims to support effective implementation of the Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air, supplementing the United (Smuggling of Migrants Protocol), supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (UNTOC).

    The purpose of this tool is to assist Member States and non-state actors in identifying and addressing gaps in their response to migrant smuggling in accordance with international standards. The Framework for Action unpacks provisions of the Smuggling of Migrants Protocol, drawing upon international instruments, political commitments, guidelines and best practices to enable the implementation of a comprehensive response to migrant smuggling.

    Read more here.

  • 01/02/2012
    Catalogue of Materials - Anti- Human Trafficking and Migrant Smuggling
  • 29/12/2011
    The EU Directive on Trafficking in Human Beings – A Joint UN Commentary

    Working together six United Nations agencies (UNODC, UNHCR, OHCHR, UNICEF, ILO and UN Women) have published a commentary on selected articles of the EU Directive 2011/36/EU.

    Over the past decade, the European Union has stepped up its efforts to fight human trafficking strengthening its focus on prevention and protection of victims. The adoption of the 2011 Directive on preventing and combating trafficking in human beings and protecting its victims, replacing Council Framework Decision, is the most recent sign of the continued commitment of the European Union in this field. The Directive represents a critical step in addressing human trafficking comprehensively.

  • 19/12/2011
    Issue Paper: Smuggling of Migrants by Sea
  • 19/12/2011
    New UNODC paper sheds light on smuggling of migrants by sea

    Photo courtesy of FrontexAs the world marked International Migrants Day on 18 December, UNODC released an issue paper on the smuggling of migrants by sea. The paper covers the international legal framework relating to the smuggling of migrants by sea, current responses to and challenges posed by such smuggling and recommendations to strengthen responses. While the smuggling of migrants by sea accounts for only a small proportion of the total number of migrants smuggled worldwide, it accounts for the highest number of deaths among smuggled migrants.

  • 15/12/2011
    Ways and Means — countering smuggling of migrants

    Awareness raising video on migrant smuggling

  • 17/11/2011
    Voluntary reporting system on migrant smuggling in support of the Bali Process

    An international database on migrant smuggling came closer to reality as law enforcement officials from Asia and the Pacific, Europe and North America met to review UNODC's work on setting up a voluntary migrant smuggling reporting system.

  • 03/11/2011
    In-Depth Training Manual on smuggling of migrants

    The UNODC In-depth training manual on investigating and prosecuting the smuggling of migrants is the product of criminal justice expertise gathered from around the world.

    The diversity of those involved in the process of elaborating the Manual reflects its target audience of criminal justice practitioners including investigators, examining judges, investigating judges, prosecutors, magistrates, law enforcement officers, border agents and all other professionals who are involved in the criminal justice system.

    Read more here.

  • 01/11/2011
    UNODC and UNHCR sign memorandum of understanding to combat human trafficking and migrant smuggling

    UNODC Executive Director Yury Fedotov (left) and UNHCR High Commissioner António Guterres (right)UNODC and the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) have signed a memorandum of understanding aimed at furthering joint cooperation in combating human trafficking and the smuggling of migrants. The memorandum, which was signed by UNODC Executive Director Yury Fedotov and UNHCR High Commissioner António Guterres, is the first formal cooperation agreement between the two United Nations entities.

  • 25/10/2011
    Basic Training Manual to investigate and prosecute the smuggling of migrants adapted for Central American and Mexican law enforcement authorities

    Prosecutors and police officials from the Central American states, Mexico and Spain attended a three day workshop with the aim of adapting the UNODC Basic Training Manual on Investigating and Prosecuting Migrant Smuggling to the region´s context.

  • 20/09/2011
    Expert Group Meeting on Migrant Smuggling by Sea

    UNODC hosted an Expert Group Meeting (EGM) on Smuggling of Migrants by Sea to discuss challenges in preventing and combating the phenomenon of migrant smuggling by sea, and develop practical recommendations to support the finalization of an issue paper...

  • 22/08/2011
    Model Law on Smuggling of Migrants available in Arabic - English - French - Russian - Spanish

    The Model law against Smuggling of Migrants has been developed to assist States in implementing the provisions contained in the Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air, supplementing the UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime. It aims to facilitate the review and amendment of existing legislation as well as the adoption of new legislation.

    This publication was made possible through funding for the European Union.

    Download here

  • 08/08/2011
    Victim Translation Assistance Tool - Life support messages for victims of human trafficking

    Victim Translation Assistance Tool - Life support messages for victims of human trafficking

    VITA is a unique new tool using audio messages, that allows law enforcement officials to provide a level of basic assistance to victims of human trafficking. Human trafficking survivors contributed to the development of these messages, which were also supported by experts in human trafficking focused on victims' needs.

    This audio tool, consisting of key encounter messages, was developed to facilitate the identification of a trafficked person and the launch of a criminal investigation. Thirty-five basic questions and messages have been recorded and translated into 40 languages, taking into account special questions for children.

  • 29/06/2011
    India: Significance of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (UNTOC) to address human trafficking

    In May 2011, Government of India ratified the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (UNTOC) and its three protocols. India is one of the five countries in South Asia, including Afghanistan, Pakistan and Sri Lanka and very recently Nepal, to ratify the UNTOC.

    On the occasion of the Indian Government ratifying the UNTOC, UNODC interviewed the Union Home Secretary, Mr G K Pillai, to understand the significance of the UNTOC and its three protocols for India, especially in the context of addressing human trafficking in the country and South Asia.