UNODC mandates on trafficking in cultural property

UNODC mandates in the area of trafficking in cultural property and related offences cover comprehensive crime prevention and criminal justice responses of Member States, for the purpose of providing the widest possible international cooperation to address such crime. This work draws from commitments of Member States, including, as appropriate, as Parties to relevant international instruments, including the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, and taking into consideration the International Guidelines for Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Responses with Respect to Trafficking in Cultural Property and Other Related Offences.

Additional valuable guidance by Member States is found in the Doha Declaration, adopted by the 13 th Crime Congress (see General Assembly resolution 70/174), and in reports of the ad hoc open-ended intergovernmental expert group on protection against trafficking in cultural property , reporting to the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice.

UNODC works closely with its partners, such as the International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL), the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), the International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT), the World Customs Organization (WCO), the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), and the International Council of Museums (ICOM), in different initiatives to support Member States strengthen national legal frameworks,  develop capacity of law enforcement and judicial authorities as well as develop tools aimed at strengthening States' abilities to better deal with this criminal phenomenon.

The following documentation provides for a comprehensive perspective of mandates received by UNODC in this area:

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Security Council resolution 2322 (2016), paragraph 12 Threats to international peace and security caused by terrorist acts ( assistance to States to develop law enforcement and judicial cooperation in preventing and combating all forms and aspects of trafficking in cultural property and related offences that benefit or may benefit terrorist groups) pdf  pdf pdf  pdf  pdf  pdf 
Security Council resolution 2199 (2015), paragraph 17 Threats to international peace and security caused by terrorist acts ( prevention of trade in Iraqi and Syrian cultural property, including by prohibiting cross-border trade) pdf  pdf  pdf  pdf    pdf pdf 
CCPCJ resolution 24/2 Strengthening crime prevention and criminal justice responses with respect to trafficking in cultural property and other related offences pdf    pdf   pdf pdf  pdf  pdf 

General Assembly Resolution 69/196

International Guidelines for Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Responses with respect to Trafficking in Cultural Property and Other Related Offences pdf pdf   pdf pdf pdf   pdf

General Assembly Resolution 68/186

Strengthening crime prevention and criminal justice responses to protect cultural property, especially with regard to its trafficking

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Resolution 6/1,  paragraph 14, of the Conference of Parties to the Organized Crime Convention, contained in CTOC/COP/2012/15

Ensuring effective implementation of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and the Protocols thereto

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General Assembly Resolution 66/180

Strengthening crime prevention and criminal justice responses to protect cultural property, especially with regard to its trafficking

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Resolution 5/7 of the Conference of Parties to the Organized Crime Convention, contained in CTOC/COP/2010/17

Combating transnational organized crime against cultural property

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ECOSOC Resolution 2010/19

Crime prevention and criminal justice responses to protect cultural property, especially with regard to its trafficking

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ECOSOC Resolution 2008/23

Protection against trafficking in cultural property

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ECOSOC Resolution 2004/34

Protection against trafficking in cultural property

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