International Consortium on Combating Wildlife Crime (ICCWC)
In recognition of the importance of partnerships, UNODC, in November 2010, joined forces with four international organizations - the Secretariat of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), INTERPOL, the World Customs Organization (WCO) and the World Bank - to form the International Consortium on Combating Wildlife Crime (ICCWC). The consortium aims at bringing coordinated support to Governments, national wildlife and forest law enforcement agencies and sub-regional networks that work to protect the world's natural resources from criminal exploitation. Moreover, being cognizant of the drivers of wildlife and forest crime, ICCWC promotes a comprehensive approach that includes addressing sustainable natural resource management and livelihood opportunities.
In partnership with ICCWC, UNODC developed the Wildlife and Forest Crime Analytic Toolkit, which is now available for first pilot studies. The Toolkit aids Governments in identifying challenges and strengthen their criminal justice responses to wildlife and forest crime. The Toolkit is a technical resource to assist government officials in the wildlife and forestry administration and Customs and other relevant agencies to conduct a comprehensive analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of preventive and criminal justice responses and other measures related to the protection and monitoring of wildlife and forest products.
Wildlife and Forest Crime Analytic Toolkit
Since the foundation of ICCWC, the following joint activities have been executed within the framework of the Consortium:
- The " Ivory and Rhinoceros Enforcement Task Force Meeting", held in Nairobi in May 2011 and attaended by high-level law enforcement officers representing wildlife authorities, Customs, investigations, national parks, police and enforcement agencies from 12 countries, served to exchange law enforcement intelligence and to develop strategies for combating illegal trade in the two pachyderms.
- A senior-level seminar for Police and Customs officers of the Tiger Range States (TRSs) was convened from 13 to14 February 2012 in Bangkok, Thailand. Being one of ICCWC's initial collaborative efforts in delivering technical assistance in support of law enforcement as related to wildlife trafficking, the seminar was attended by representatives from the 13 Tiger range states (Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Russia, Thailand and Vietnam) as well as representatives from all ICCWC partners.
- The Workshop on " Establishing a Network of Controlled Delivery Units for Forest and Wildlife Law Enforcement" in Shanghai, China, from 7 to 9 December 2011 brought together 50 participants from 18 African and Asian countries (officials from the police, Customs or judiciary). The workshop covered forest and wildlife crime and law enforcement in China, global wildlife and timber smuggling routes, wildlife and timber methods of detection, controlled delivery techniques (including financial aspects), prosecution, as well as group activities aimed at building a network of practitioners. A follow-up report will monitor participants' future collaboration and possible conduct of controlled delivery operations.