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In 2010, just a few months short of the tenth anniversary of the adoption of the Trafficking in Persons Protocol, Member States renewed their commitment to the fight against trafficking in persons by adopting the United Nations Global Plan of Action to Combat Trafficking in Persons (contained in General Assembly resolution 64/293). In the framework of the Global Plan of Action, the General Assembly mandated UNODC to collect information and publish a Global Report on Trafficking in Persons every two years.

The UNODC Global Report 2014 is the second of its kind mandated by the General Assembly. It covers 128 countries and provides an overview of patterns and flows of trafficking in persons at global, regional and national levels, based on trafficking cases detected between 2010 and 2012 (or more recent). The Global Report 2014 highlights the role of organized crime in trafficking in persons, and includes an analytical chapter on how traffickers operate. The worldwide response to trafficking in persons is also a focus of this edition of the Global Report.

Trafficking in persons is a truly global phenomenon: between 2010 and 2012, victims from at least 153 countries were detected in 124 countries worldwide. A great majority of the victims detected are females, although men and boys are also trafficked in significant numbers. Women and girls are not only trafficked for sexual exploitation, but also for forced labour and for other purposes. The percentage of children among victims is increasing and children now comprise nearly one third of all detected trafficking victims in the world.

Many countries have recently passed legislation criminalizing trafficking in persons as a specific offence. However, definitions of human trafficking vary, as does the capacity to identify offenders and victims. The overall criminal justice response to trafficking in persons, which has historically been very weak, has not improved.

The Country Profiles of the Global Report present a national level analysis for each of the 128 countries covered by this edition of the report.





Report's launch Live






Global Report on Trafficking in Persons 2012

Global Report on Trafficking in Persons 2009


UNODC has been collecting international statistics on detected victims of trafficking in persons since 2003. At present, there is no sound estimate of the non-detected number of victims of trafficking in persons worldwide. Due to methodological differences and the challenges associated with estimating the sizes of hidden populations such as trafficking victims, this is a task that has so far not been satisfactorily accomplished. However, these efforts are set to gain momentum now that the eradication of trafficking in persons has been adopted as part of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) under the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The number of victims of human trafficking has been selected as an indicator to measure progress towards the implementation of SDG target 16.2. In light of current efforts and challenges to collect this type of information, this research brief explores the potential of Multiple Systems Estimation as an alternative, efficient method of estimating the number of non-detected numbers of victims of trafficking in persons in a country.

Research Brief


Full report (PDF, 5 MB)

Full report (epub format for iPad and Android)

Full report (mobi format for Kindle reader apps)


Western and Central Europe
Eastern Europe and Central Asia
North America, Central America and the Caribbean
South America
East Asia and the Pacific
South Asia
North Africa and the Middle East
Sub-Saharan Africa




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