Pledges for voluntary contributions in 2017 amounted to US$ 361.9 million.
The distribution of the funding was as follows:
- Earmarked or special-purpose funding: US$ 357.8 million (98.9 per cent)
- Non-earmarked or general-purpose funding: US$ 4.1 million (1.1 per cent)
Since 2010, general-purpose funding has decreased by 75 per cent, while special-purpose funding has increased by more than 50 per cent. A greater predictability of available funds and a more flexible budgetary structure by increasing the amount of non-earmarked contributions would allow UNODC to:
- Strengthen crucial research efforts that support the needed evidence-based approach of its work; produce essential reports as the World Drug Report, annual reports on world crime trends and many other substantive publications and evidence-based tools produced by UNODC on a regular basis as a crucial support;
- Reinforce advocacy campaigns to raise awareness of UNODC work and partnership building efforts that will substantively broaden and strengthen public and private support for the tackling of the world's drug problem and crime;
- Strengthen the field office network that plays a key role in providing technical assistance to the most needed countries and that would imply a major contribution of UNODC to the "new generation" of UN Country Teams proposed by UN Secretary-General António Guterres.
Thanks to voluntary contributions, UNODC operates in 73 countries through 17 Field Offices and 56 Programme/Project offices with the majority of its staff based in the field.
UNODC works directly with Governments, international organizations, other UN entities, private sector and civil society groups to develop and implement integrated programmes that assist the countries and regions we work in to meet their international obligations under the drug control treaties; the UN convention on Transnational Organized Crime; and the UN Convention against Corruption; as well as the international instruments on terrorism prevention. As a result, most of these have reached near universal adherence.
Investing in tangible results
Results of voluntary contributions and the integrated programmatic approach of UNODC are providing substantive support for achieving different SDGs, as UNODC is the custodian of 15 SDG indicators on its own or jointly with other agencies.
The Organization is specifically focussing on the SDGs in close relation to its work, such as SDG 16, with its targets of promoting the rule of law through addressing transnational threats such as organized crime, trafficking, terrorism and corruption; SDG 3 with its emphasis on combatting drug use, dependence and related HIV; SDG 15 on wildlife crime, as well as SDG 11 on safer cities. Some concrete examples of UNODC support:
- Drug prevention, treatment and care are at the core of UNODC's mandate. In 2017, UNODC health programmes in communities reached over 125,000 beneficiaries; assisted 150 NGOs to improve their drug and HIV/AIDS service delivery in over 60 countries; and assisted 24 countries to address HIV in prisons reaching at least 300,000 people.
- Since 2003, UNODC has contributed to over 700 additional ratifications by assisted Member States of the 19 international conventions and protocols related to terrorism. It has also trained over 28,000 criminal justice and law enforcement practitioners through technical assistance initiatives on a broad range of legal and criminal justice aspects related to terrorism prevention.
- UNODC plays a key role in fighting human trafficking and migrant smuggling. For example, in 2017, UNODC provided technical assistance to 4,000 practitioners from Government and civil society in 80 countries. In 2018 the Organization published the first Global Study on Smuggling of Migrants, according to which at least 2.5 million migrants were smuggled in 2016 alone. The Study complements UNODC's existing support to Member States, as it highlights potential avenues for strengthening measures against migrant smuggling, and can help to inform effective criminal justice responses.
- The Organization's Programme on Wildlife and Forest Crime has supported more than 30 Member States to adopt appropriate national legislation to effectively investigate, prosecute and punish wildlife crime offenders, including dealing with money-laundering and confiscated assets derived from criminal enterprises. UNODC is one of the partners of the global campaign that has reached nearly 4.5 million people, raising awareness about illegal wildlife trade.
- In the last thirteen years, the Container Control Programme (CCP), jointly developed by UNODC and the World Customs Organization (WCO), has been leading into seizures of tons (mt) of illicit substances and goods. As an example, by the 3rd quarter of 2017 especially trained Port Control Units of the CCP registered seizures of more than 200 tons of cocaine, among other controlled substances, since the inception of the CCP Program (2003). More than 200 tons of cocaine would represent an approximate market value of more than US$ 9 billion in Europe (average) and more than US$ 5.5 billion in the United States.
- The Global Maritime Crime Programme (GMCP) continues to showcase the innovative and effective technical assistance UNODC is providing to help Member States to confront transnational organized crime at sea. As an example, maritime law enforcement teams that UNODC has helped to build have disrupted the flow of ISIL fighters between Yemen and Somalia, saved lives of migrants in the waters of the Gulf of Aden, freed hostages and enforced fisheries laws that are vital for Somalia's economy.
- In support of the United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) UNODC has so far supported 164 countries out of the 184 States Parties which participate in the review mechanism. This support included assistance to countries to complete their reviews and identify recommendations to fully meet the UNCAC requirements on criminalization, law enforcement and international cooperation; and in 11 countries with regard to the UNCAC requirements on preventive measures and asset recovery.
- UNODC assists Members States to trace and confiscate proceeds of crime and corruption. For example, the establishment of the 13 country Asset Recovery Interagency Network of Southern Africa since 2016 has frozen, confiscated or preserved assets linked to criminal activities valued at US$ 100 million.
List of pledges
for the period 01 January to 31 December 2017
LIST OF PLEDGES | for the period 01 January to 31 December 2017 (PDF)