I. Political Context
Burkina Faso has an estimated population of 15.5 million and shares 3,193 km of borders with six countries. Formerly known as the Republic of Upper Volta, the large landlocked state was renamed in 1984. After five coups d'état between the Burkina Faso's independence in 1960 and the coming to power of President Blaise Compare in 1987, the country has now stabilized and developed into a multi‐party democracy. The last legislative elections took place in 2007 and the next presidential elections are scheduled for November 2010.
Regarding the drug and crime situation, there have been no significant seizures of cocaine reported in Burkina Faso to date. However, with the shifting of inland routes, it is necessary to prepare the country for a possible increase in drug trafficking. Other areas of concern for Burkina Faso are trafficking in persons, smuggling of migrants, and terrorism. Overall, Burkina Faso would benefit from improved border control capacities given its status as a transit country.
II. Programme Objectives
In June 2009, the National Committee to combat Drugs ("Comité National de lutte contre la drogue") sent a project proposal to UNODC aimed at strengthening the national capacities to combat drug trafficking in Burkina Faso. In February 2010, UNODC's Executive Director visited Burkina Faso and met with the President. The possibility to develop a comprehensive UNODC technical assistance programme for the country was discussed and agreed on. As a result, an assessment mission was conducted in April 2010 to pave the way for the elaboration of a National Integrated Programme. It is expected that the objectives of the NIP for Burkina Faso will focus on combating drugs, crime and terrorism, with an expected time frame for implementation of three to four years.
III. Main Outputs
While Burkina Faso's NIP is still in its planning phase, the following elements may be drawn from UNODC's expertise on the country, contacts with national authorities, and the programme proposal submitted in June 2009:
a) Awareness and Research
A victimization survey and research on the extent of drug abuse are conducted.
b) Drug Prevention and Health
A national policy on drug abuse and HIV/AIDS prevention among (injecting) drug users is developed;
Targeted capacity building activities for health and social sector professionals are implemented;
Support is provided for interventions in the areas of drug abuse prevention for the general public, outreach services for vulnerable groups, and treatment and reinsertion of drug users;
A comprehensive package of services regarding HIV/AIDS, STI, TB and hepatitis in prison settings is provided;
Mainstreaming HIV/AIDS and drug abuse prevention into activities linked to law enforcement and justice is achieved;
The implementation of the recommendations from the Regional Consultation on HIV is supported.
c) Organized Crime, Illicit Trafficking and Terrorism
Law enforcement training is strengthened, notably through the use of Computer‐Based Training (CBT), and infrastructure is improved;
A Central Office on Drugs and Organized Crime is created/strengthened;
Law enforcement patrolling capacities are improved;
Intelligence and information gathering, analysis and exchange capacities are enhanced;
Joint Interdiction Teams at the international airport and the container terminal are created;
The Financial Intelligence Unit's (FIU) capacities are strengthened and all relevant actors are sensitized to AML and CFT;
The national legislative framework (terrorism, drug trafficking, migrant smuggling, corruption, etc.) is revised and put in accordance with international commitments taken by the country. Advocacy for the ratification and implementation of other relevant international conventions and protocols is also conducted.
d) Justice and Integrity
Specialized training to practitioners is delivered and syllabuses are reviewed;
Support to the Anti‐Corruption Agency (ACA) is provided and the country takes part in the UNCAC review mechanism;
Support to comprehensive criminal justice reform is provided;
Support to effective international cooperation in criminal matters is provided;
A witness protection and victim assistance programme are put in place;
The penitentiary system has undergone reform and meets international standards;
Support to juvenile justice reform is provided.
Mitigation and Risk Factors:
The main risks relate to political commitment and operational engagement. Since technical assistance programmes require the full commitment of the beneficiary agency(ies), lack of engagement and political will could jeopardize the results sought.
IV. Monitoring and Evaluation
Similar to other NIPs, the programme will include a Steering Committee comprising all main direct beneficiaries, UNODC and the donors, that will monitor and prioritize interventions at the operational level. The Committee is expected to meet on a quarterly basis. Once a year, a high‐level segment meeting comprised of ministerial counterparts will review past activities, validate the work plan for the upcoming year, and receive a report on the impact of past measures. At mid‐term and at the end of the NIP, evaluations will be conducted by external experts following modalities jointly agreed upon by the national authorities, UNODC and the donor community.
V. Funding Situation
Based on UNODC's knowledge of the country's overall context and needs expressed during consultations held with the national authorities, the total cost for the planned National Integrated Programme can be estimated at US$ 7.2 million for four years.