I. Political Context
Cape Verde is an island country, spanning an archipelago located 500 kilometres off the coast of Senegal. The islands of Cape Verde are home to an estimated 430,000 people, with approximately one million of its nationals living abroad. The latter usually maintain strong ties with their homeland and their remittances represent an important economic factor for the country. The country has shown sustained growth in the health, education and economic sectors since its independence from Portugal in 1975 and was taken out of the list of least developed countries in 2007. The country's progress is illustrated by the fact that it has already achieved some of the Millennium Development Goals. On the political side, the country is a young, but stable democracy. Legislative and presidential elections were held in 2006 and the next round is scheduled for 2011.
In 2005, when Cape Verde first requested UNODC's assistance, the drug trafficking situation had turned into a real concern. Drug trafficking and abuse as well as all sorts of criminal behaviour were on the rise, and law enforcement and justice responses were weak due to a lack of resources. The geographic conditions of the islands and the very location of the country make it difficult to control its borders. Today, combating illicit trafficking of all kinds is still on the national agenda, but to a lesser extent. Current UNODC interventions relate mainly to drug abuse, the spread of HIV/Aids among (injecting) drug users, and corruption.
II. Programme Objectives
Cape Verde's National Integrated Programme covers the period 2006‐2013. Due to the participation of Cape Verde as a pilot country in the Delivering as One initiative, UNODC's programme was
included in the One UN Programme for Cape Verde. The primary objectives of the NIP are two‐fold:
Reduce the possibility of using the territory of Cape Verde for trafficking operations;
Enhance national authorities' capacity to effectively fight organized crime in the country.
Considering the ECOWAS Regional Action Plan to address the growing problem of illicit drug trafficking, organized crime and drug abuse in West Africa as well as the ECOWAS Political Declaration on the Prevention of drug Abuse, Illicit Drug Trafficking and Organized Crimes in West Africa, the programme objectives mentioned above remain valid although activities may focus on other topics mentioned in the Sub‐Programmes. Various stakeholders are involved in Cape Verde's NIP with the main partner being the Coordination Committee to Combat Drugs (CCCD). Other important players are the Ministry of Justice ‐ a UNODC expert was deployed in the Ministry until the end of 2009 ‐ and the Ministry of the Interior.
III. Main Outputs
a) Awareness and Research:
An independent and comprehensive assessment regarding nature, location, levels and causes of corruption in Cape Verde was carried out;
Public awareness on corruption has been increased.
b) Drug Prevention and Health:
Prevention and treatment of HIV, TB, STI and hepatitis is conducted;
Prevention and care regarding HIV/AIDS among (injecting) drug users, women and youth is being provided;
Programme Treatnet II is being implemented in Cape Verde.
Support the implementation of the recommendations from the Regional Consultation on HIV.
c) Organized Crime, Illicit Trafficking and Terrorism:
Boarding and vessel search in coastal waters carried out by 3 inter‐agency units duly trained and equipped;
Boarding and search of suspected vessels operated by the Coast Guards at sea (Exclusive Economic Zone);
Judicial Police endowed with the operational and analytical tools to perform in‐depth investigations and prosecutions of transnational criminal networks;
Crime and intelligence database established and judicial police officers trained to update and analyse relevant data;
National forensic laboratory upgraded to meet international standards;
Cape Verdean Public Order Police reaction and territorial control capabilities improved through enhanced mobility;
Cape Verdean Public Order Police reaction and intervention's efficiency improved through enhanced communication and coordination capabilities;
The Cape Verdean Public Order Police has the capacity to operate, investigate and deal with suspects, arrested persons and victims in full compliance with internationally recognized standards for the protection of human rights;
Improved detection and interdiction capabilities through updated training curricula delivered to at least 500 law enforcement officers through the use of Computer‐Based Training (CBT);
Legal and institutional anti‐money‐laundering and terrorism financing frameworks of Cape Verde upgraded and strengthened to meet relevant international standards;
Improved knowledge on the vulnerability of the national economy to economic and financial crime;
Private sector and political decision‐makers informed about and sensitized to AML/CFT.
Searching and seizing capability at the International Airports of Sal and Praia being strengthened;
Container and cargo profiling in the Port of Praia completed by trained inter‐agency teams;
AML/CFT national strategy developed;
Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU) and Law Enforcement Task Force established, fully equipped and operational.
d) Justice and Integrity:
Legal and institutional anti‐corruption frameworks of Cape Verde upgraded and strengthened to meet relevant international standards;
Office of the Attorney General (staff) trained, fully equipped and operational; specialized training programme tailored to their needs delivered;
National anti‐corruption policy, strategy and action plan formulated.
Magistrates and social workers being trained on the UNODC/UNICEF manual on the establishment of a database on juvenile justice;
Strengthening reinsertion services in prison settings and enhancing prison safety;
Compilation of all penal laws and support to the creation of documentation centres at tribunals;
Training of magistrates and prosecutors on international cooperation in criminal matters as well as on penal codes and penal procedures.
Mitigating and Risk Factors:
The main risks relate to political commitment and operational engagement. However, since the NIP is mostly self‐financed by Cape Verde, these risks are considerably low.
IV. Monitoring and Evaluation
Similar to other NIPs, the programme for Cape Verde includes a Project Management Committee (PMC). It is composed of representatives from the CCAD, Ministry of Finance and Planning, Office of the Attorney General, Judicial Police (representing all law enforcement agencies), National Committee 1373, and UNODC. The PNC is chaired by the Ministry of Justice and the UNODC/ROSEN Representative. It meets once a month and is tasked with reviewing and monitoring implementation, reviewing work plans and budgets, and submitting annual and semi‐annual reports (both substantive and financial) to the Minister of Justice and UNODC.
As some components are coming to an end in 2010, external evaluations will be scheduled for this year, with the exact time and modalities to be jointly agreed upon by the national authorities, UNODC and the donor community.
V. Funding Situation
Cape Verde's NIP is fully funded for the period 2006‐2010 with contributions from Cape Verde itself, Luxemburg, The Netherlands, and the One UN Programme for Cape Verde. As previously mentioned, the NIP is coming to an end. It is expected that the results of the final programme evaluation combined with the general knowledge about the country will result in a revision of UNODC's strategy for Cape Verde. This may lead to a UNODC involvement in other areas also covered by the Sub‐Programmes of the Regional Programme at hand. The revision will also integrate the request made by the Minister of Justice to include strategic interventions for the prevention of urban and juvenile delinquency, and drug demand reduction. Overall, it is estimated that the revision of the NIP for Cape Verde and UNODC's involvement in new areas will result in an additional funding requirement of US$ 4.35 million.