I. Political Context
Côte d'Ivoire is the economic power house of French‐speaking West Africa. With 20.6 million inhabitants and a GDP of US$ 35.6 billion in 2009, the country still ranks first for economic performance despite the conflict affecting it since 2002. Since 2000, Côte d'Ivoire has seen persistent violence and instability, including a number of coups d'etat and questionable elections. The UN has been active in the country since 2004 through the UN Office for Côte d'Ivoire (UNOCI). Its main mission is to ensure the honouring of the cease fire agreed upon in 2003. It also promotes reconciliation, assists the authorities in demobilization and disarmament efforts and works to create an environment conductive to the holding of free, fair and transparent presidential elections. The elections have been repeatedly postponed since 2005, and at the time of drafting their date remains unknown.
The United Nations system in Côte d'Ivoire is led by an Integrated Office headed by a Special Representative of the UN Secretary‐General. Broader UN objectives have been integrated into a single strategy document called " Joining efforts for transition in Côte d'Ivoire". The main obstacle to UNODC's work in Côte d'Ivoire is the country's current political division and the absence of sufficient government control in the northern part of the country. Trafficking in persons and natural resources is particularly common in Côte d'Ivoire. Other forms of crime and drug trafficking in particular also constitute a concern. The division of the country plays a prominent role in the context of drugs and crime, notably regarding the resulting reduced income for
the state that impacts its ability to develop adequate responses to these threats.
II. Programme Objectives
" Joining efforts for transition in Côte d'Ivoire" represents the common strategy of UNOCI and the UN system to improve cooperation and coordination between various institutions. UNODC, in collaboration with DPKO, DPA/UNOWA and INTERPOL, has developed the so‐called West Africa Coast Initiative (WACI) which covers Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea‐Bissau, Liberia and Sierra Leone. The WACI aims at strengthening national capacities and cross‐border cooperation to tackle organized crime and drug trafficking which are undermining peace and development in West Africa. Its core elements are the creation of Transnational Crime Units (TCU) and the development of a national assistance programme for each of the four countries involved.
The "Freetown Commitment" ‐ a ministerial declaration ‐ was signed by the beneficiary countries on 17 February 2010, endorsing the establishment of TCUs and paving the way for the implementation of the WACI. The National Integrated Programme for Côte d'Ivoire will complement the WACI and its objectives will be determined after a detailed assessment of its particular situation and needs.
III. Main Outputs
Taking into account the document " Joining efforts for transition in Côte d'Ivoire", UNODC's knowledge of the situation in Côte d'Ivoire, ongoing bilateral technical assistance programmes, the ECOWAS Regional Action Plan to address the growing problem of illicit drug trafficking, organized crime and drug abuse in West Africa as well as the ECOWAS Political Declaration on the Prevention of drug Abuse, Illicit Drug Trafficking and Organized Crimes in West Africa, the following main outputs
can be defined:
a) Awareness and Research
A victimization survey and a research on the extent of drug abuse are conducted.
b) Drug Prevention and Health
A national policy on drug abuse and HIV/AIDS prevention among (injecting) drug users is developed;
Targeted capacity building activities aimed at health and social professionals are implemented;
Support is provided to interventions in the areas of drug abuse prevention for the general public, outreach services for vulnerable groups, and treatment and reinsertion of drug users;
A comprehensive package of services regarding HIV/AIDS, STI, TB and Hepatitis in prison settings is provided;
Mainstreaming HIV/AIDS and drug abuse prevention into activities linked to law enforcement and justice is achieved;
The implementation of recommendations from the Regional Consultation on HIV is supported.
c) Organized Crime, Illicit Trafficking and Terrorism
Law enforcement training is further strengthened and infrastructure is improved;
The regional law enforcement training center in Grand Bassam is supported as regards to syllabus development and infrastructure;
A Transnational Crime Unit is established;
Law enforcement patrolling capacities are improved;
Intelligence and information gathering, analysis and exchange capacities are enhanced;
Joint Interdiction Teams at the international airport and main seaports are created;
Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU) is strengthened and relevant actors are sensitized to AML/CFT;
The national legislative framework (terrorism, drug trafficking, migrant smuggling, corruption, etc.) is revised and put in accordance with international commitments taken by the country.
Advocacy for the ratification and implementation of other relevant international conventions and protocols is also conducted.
d) Justice and Integrity
Specialized training to practitioners is delivered and syllabuses are reviewed;
Support to the Anti‐Corruption Agency (ACA) is provided and the country takes part in the UNCAC review mechanism;
Support to comprehensive criminal justice reform is provided;
Support to effective international cooperation in criminal matters is provided;
A victim assistance programme is put in place;
The penitentiary system has undergone reform and applies international standards;
Support to juvenile justice reform is provided.
Mitigation and Risk Factors:
The main risks relate to political commitment and operational engagement. Since technical assistance programmes require the full commitment of the beneficiary agency(ies), lack of engagement and political will could jeopardize the results sought. The upcoming presidential elections might also postpone the launching of the assessment phase, which would be the first step towards the development of a National Integrated Programme.
IV. Monitoring and Evaluation
Similar to other NIPs, the programme is likely to include a Steering Committee comprising all the main direct beneficiaries, UNODC and the donors that will monitor and prioritize interventions at operational level. The Committee would meet on a quarterly basis, as a minimum. Once a year, a high‐level segment meeting comprised of ministerial counterparts would review past activities, validate the upcoming year's work plan, and receive a report on the impact of past measures. At mid‐term and at the end of the NIP, evaluations will be conducted by external experts following modalities jointly agreed upon by the national authorities, UNODC and the donor community.