I. Political Context
Located in West Africa, Togo covers a surface area of 56,700 km². The coastal state has borders with Ghana, Benin and Burkina Faso. It is composed of around 41 different ethnic groups. The official language is French, although numerous other local languages are spoken. Togo has a population of more than 6.1 million and its economy relies mainly on agriculture. The country obtained independence in 1960. In 1967, General Gnassingbé Eyadéma became President following a military coup. He died in 2005 after 38 years in power. Presidential elections were held two months later and saw the victory of President Faure Essozimna Gnassingbé, candidate of the Rassemblement du Peuple Togolais (RPT) party, and son of the former President. Official results triggered turmoil, a climate of violence and opened a period of uncertainty. To improve the situation the new President engaged in a reconciliation process resulting in the signing of the Comprehensive Political Agreement in August 2006 and in the organization of parliamentary elections in October 2007, deemed satisfactory by the national and international community. As a result of these developments, Togo obtained the normalization of its relations with all international institutions and development partners. Presidential elections were held 4 March 2010. The official results gave 60% of the votes to incumbent President Gnassingbé. The result sparked protests among the opposition, though these protests have to date remained peaceful. Gnassingé was sworn in as President 3 May 2010.
II. Programme Objectives and Planned Duration
The overall objective of Togo's National Integrated Programme is to improve the State's capacities to address threats linked to illicit drug trafficking, drug abuse and related organized crime. On the basis of the assessment of the situation in Togo and taking into account the ECOWAS Regional Action Plan to address the growing problem of illicit drug trafficking, organized crime and drug abuse in West Africa as well as the ECOWAS Political Declaration on the Prevention of drug Abuse, Illicit Drug Trafficking and Organized Crimes in West Africa, the National Integrated Programme will:
Strengthen the operational capacities of the national coordination framework as well as those of the law enforcement agencies combating drugs and crime;
Support the Programme on the Modernization of Criminal Justice in the field of drugs and crime;
Provide support to anti‐corruption structures;
Strengthen anti‐money‐laundering efforts and the combat against financial crimes;
Intensify actions aimed at reducing drug demand and preventing crime, particularly among vulnerable groups (youth, pregnant women, prisoners, etc.). Togo's NIP covers the period 2009 - 2013. It was discussed by the national Council of Ministers and approved by a Presidential Decree on 16 September 2009. The Minister of Interior, Security and Decentralization, through the National Anti‐Drug Committee (CNAD), is the focal point for the Programme.
III. Main Outputs
Togo's NIP does not address all four Sub‐Programmes outlined in the Regional Programme for West Africa as "Communication and Research" is envisaged as a ROSEN activity. However, all other areas are covered. The main outputs of the National Integrated Programme are listed below.
a) Drug Prevention and Health
Institutional capacities are strengthened for an effective organization and management of drug abuse prevention programmes and their good coordination;
A drug abuse prevention programme is put in place in school settings;
A drug abuse and HIV/AIDS prevention programme is developed and implemented for at‐risk groups: prison settings, law enforcement, "houses of tolerance" and youth shelters;
A programme for the treatment and reinsertion of drug‐dependent persons is put in place; and
Support to the implementation of the recommendations from the Regional Consultation on HIV is provided.
b) Organized Crime, Illicit Trafficking and Terrorism
The National Anti‐Drugs Committee (CNAD) is provided with an extended mandate covering transnational organized crime, and it is strengthened to ensure coherence in the implementation of the NIP as well as compatibility at all levels with the ECOWAS Political Declaration and Regional Action Plan;
Law enforcement agencies' intelligence capacities to combat transnational organized crime are improved and the National Intelligence Agency is strengthened;
The capacity of law enforcement agencies (Search and Investigation Service, Anti‐Gang Brigades (Gendarmerie), Anti‐Narcotics and Prostitution Brigades, Criminal Directorate of the National Police and the Anti‐Drugs Directorate of the Togolese Customs) to investigate transnational organized crime cases is improved through training and appropriate logistical support;
The National Drug Testing Laboratory is restructured to become a National Forensic Laboratory equipped with a national crime registry and a fingerprint database;
A Joint Port Control Unit (JPCU), mandated to combat illicit trafficking, is operational at the container terminal of the port of Lomé and is linked to the UNODC‐WCO Container Control Programme;
A Joint Airport Interdiction Task Force (JAITF), mandated to combat illicit trafficking, is operational at Lomé international airport and is linked to the UNODC AIRCOP Programme;
Joint illicit trafficking control units are operational at the main border posts;
The capacities of the Central Office for the Repression of Illicit Drug Trafficking (OCRTIDB) are strengthened; and
The capacities of the Directorate for Pharmacies, Laboratories and Technical Equipment (DPLET) are strengthened in the areas of regulation and control of medicine, narcotics, psychotropic substances and chemical precursors.
The legal and institutional framework to combat money‐laundering and the financing of terrorism is assessed, and legal provisions in line with relevant international norms are adopted and implemented;
The capacities of intelligence agencies to collect, analyse, process and exchange intelligence for the purpose of investigation are strengthened through the provision of equipment and technical training so as to foster prosecution; and
Strategic advice on criminal justice matters is provided within the framework of the ongoing Justice Modernization Programme.
c) Justice and Integrity
Strategic advice on criminal justice matters (including drugs) is provided within the framework of the ongoing Justice Modernization Programme;
The penitentiary system is improved through capacity building for staff working at prisons and through the creation of a data management system in line with basic international standards on the treatment of prisoners;
The judicial apparatus developed a code of conduct and internal mechanisms for promoting integrity within all judicial structures;
The conformity of the national institutional framework in the field of anti‐corruption is assessed, relevant actors are sensitized and their operational capacities are strengthened; and
The operational capacities of anti‐corruption agencies and of those promoting transparency and good governance (Anti‐Corruption Commission, State General Controller, FIU, Cells in charge of controlling the management of public funds within the Ministries) to deal with corruption cases and other financial offences are strengthened through the development and implementation of a National Anti‐Corruption Plan involving all relevant actors (government, civil society, traditional
leaders and judicial institutions), and through the delivery of specialized training.
Mitigating and Risk Factors:
As the NIP was approved by Presidential Decree which demonstrates a strong commitment to reform, the principal risk would relate to the outcome of further protests related to the presidential elections. Another period of turmoil similar to the one experienced in 2005 would have negative consequences on the country, especially if relations between Togo and international institutions and development partners were cut once again.
IV. Monitoring and Evaluation
A Steering Committee chaired by the Prime Minister and composed of the Ministers involved in the implementation of the NIP, representatives of the civil society, UNODC and the donors, will be established in order to provide guidance at strategic level on the execution of the NIP and to ensure coherence with other relevant policies. It will meet at least twice a year and one of its tasks will be to approve the annual work plans. At the operational level, the Ministry chairing the CNAD will be coordinating the implementation of all activities envisaged in the NIP. In addition, a Management Committee will be established and entrusted with the follow‐up of and the technical coordination for the execution of the Programme. The Committee will be composed of focal points from the Ministries involved, civil society representatives, UNODC and the donor community. The Management Committee will meet once a month and will be presided by the Minister chairing the CNAD. The Permanent Secretary of the CNAD will act as Secretariat of the Committee. A UNODC Programme Office for technical support will also be established in Togo. It will assist in the implementation of the NIP and help to strengthen the operational capacities of the CNAD.
Finally, besides the permanent review mechanisms established through the Steering and the Management Committees, the NIP will be evaluated by external experts at a time and following modalities jointly agreed between the national authorities, UNODC and the donors.