Implementation of the European Union Programme "Better Migration Management" (Khartoum Process)

 

PROJECT DURATION : December 2017 - December 2018        

EUROPEAN UNION CONTRIBUTION (TOTAL PROJECT BUDGET): €9.000.000

LOCATION: Horn of Africa

IMPLEMENTING PARTNERS: .

                        GIZ British Council France Expertise Civipol  

                       Italian Department of Public Security     IOM          

OBJECTIVE:

The overall objective of this action is to improve migration management in the region, and in particular to address the trafficking and smuggling of migrants within and from the Horn of Africa.

The project specific objectives' are mainly two: 

  • To strengthen national governments in pursuing a whole of government approach to migration and border governance with the aim to effectively address trafficking in persons and smuggling of migrants, thus allowing for regional policy harmonization and cooperation in accordance with the relevant international conventions and standards as well as regional policy frameworks;
  • To strengthen the capacity of all national institutions and agencies responsible for migration and border management;

 

The Actions is based on four components, which each one has its main activities

  • Policy Harmonisation and Cooperation to strengthen national governments in pursuing a whole of government approach to migration and border governance with the aim to effectively address trafficking in persons and smuggling of migrants, thus allowing for regional policy harmonisation and cooperation in accordance with the relevant international conventions and standards as well as regional policy frameworks. Activities: Workshops for the establishment and strengthening of national coordination mechanisms/ task forces to manage migration and address Trafficking in Persons and Smuggling of Migrants;
  • Capacity Development to strengthen the capacity of all institutions and agencies responsible for migration and border management through training and technical assistance, to manage migration effectively and to ensure rights-respectful treatment of refugees and migrants and a more effective prosecution of traffickers and those promoting irregular migration. Activities: Basic and specialised training for investigators, prosecutors and judges on the investigation and prosecution of human trafficking and migrant smuggling cases with an emphasis on protection and human rights;
  • Protection to improve the identification, assistance and protection of victims of trafficking and vulnerable migrants, especially women and children. Activities: Provision of advisory services/lobby for the integration of protection issues in regional consultative mechanisms/ bodies on protection;
  • Awareness Raising to raise awareness of livelihood options including safe migration. Activities: Develop a strategic communication strategy for specific communities to provide them with new information, facts and contact details of organisations who can provide support and assistance in transit and host countries  

 

The project is implemented by a partnership of European and international organisations with the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) as lead agency. The partners comprise British Council, CIVIPOL, Expertise France, Italian Department of Public Security, the International Organisation for Migration (IOM), and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC).

Related to the location of the project, is important to mention that BMM is a project in the region for the region, addressing the full scope of all four migration routes* in the region, which are commonly used by irregular migrants. While country specific needs are taken into consideration, the main logic in the implementation of the BMM follows the principle that challenges of irregular migration and forced displacement, including trafficking in human beings and smuggling of migrants, are primarily of an intra-regional and transnational nature, which no single country can independently address. The BMM aims to find commonalities that offer a region-wide and cross-border answer to a region-wide challenge.

* Migration from the Horn of Africa is centred around four main routes: The northern route through Sudan and Egypt and via Sinai into Israel; the eastern route out of the East and Horn of Africa to Yemen, onwards to Saudi Arabia and beyond; the southern route from the Horn of Africa through Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi etc. towards South Africa; and the Western route through Sudan, Egypt and/or Libya, which in many cases continues onward to the Mediterranean in Europe (commonly taken by migrants from Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia).

 

NEWS & EVENTS 

Periodical updates on key project events and news highlights on UNODC Eastern Africa are available here.

 

CONTACT

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC-ROEA)

Johan Kruger

Project Coordinator

Tel: +254 20 7623739

eMail:  johan.kruger@un.org