Strengthening the Administration of Justice and Operationalizing Alternatives to Imprisonment in Kenya (PLEAD) 


PROJECT DURATION : December 2017 - July 2022     







The general objective of the Project is to strengthen efficiency in delivery of judicial services, reinforce the ability of the justice sector to address and redress economic and political grievances thus strengthening the legitimacy of the rule of law in Kenya. The specific objective is to develop an integrated approach at central and local level aimed at equality of all before the law, through improved access to and the expeditious delivery of justice, particularly in high-risk counties.

The Programme is based on the "Theory of Change" which defines all milestones required to achieve the long-term objective, namely the outcome of the Programme. There are 3 expected outcomes which will frame the different activities:

- Court administration and case management strengthened. Expected outputs:

  • Undertake a project Baseline Survey;
  • Develop and operationalize Alternative Justice Systems (AJS) mechanisms;
  • Develop a regulatory framework and standardised guidelines and procedures on AJS including guidelines on compliance mechanisms with human rights standards and the Constitution;


- Increased quality and efficiency in the criminal justice system. Expected outputs:

  • Build organisational and professional capacity within the ODPP to deliver quality and efficiency in criminal prosecutions;
  • Support ODPP to develop and implement a Diversion Policy;
  • Support the development and operationalization of a sector-wide Plea Bargain Policy Framework;
  • Support the development and operationalization of a Comprehensive Case Management System for the ODPP;
  • Enhance the capacity of the Kenya Witness Protection Agency (WPA);
  • Enhance the technical capacity of the KPAS;
  • Enhance the operational capacity of the KPAS;
  • Enhance KPAS staff capacity to manage and supervise alternative sanctions;
  • Build institutional capacity within the KPAS to support re-integration of released offenders;


- Improved coherence and cooperation within the justice sector.  Expected outputs:

  • Enhance the capacity of NCAJ to carry out its statutory mandate;
  • Support NCAJ to develop National Strategy and action plan to Reduce Prison Overcrowding and develop a sector-wide policy and action plan on the reintegration of Offenders into communities;
  • Support the NCAJ to operationalise the Bail and Bond Policy;
  • Support to CUCs to enhance coordination at local level within focal counties;
  • Visibility of the Project and of the various partners including the EU enhanced; Developing, conducting and/or disseminating printed materials (brochures and similar), different media and visibility events throughout Kenya in line with the EU visibility guidelines;


This project targets the criminal justice sector focusing on suspects and offenders who have to spend time in custody while awaiting trial or upon sentencing.

The project will be located in Kenya with a focus on seven marginalised counties (Wajir, Mandera, Lamu, Tana River, Marsabit, Isiolo and Garissa) where the Legal Aid Project is present and five urban counties (Kisumu, Nairobi, Mombasa, Uasin Gishu and Nakuru) where stakeholders of the PLEAD project are located.

UNODC as the custodian of United Nations standards and norms in crime prevention and criminal justice holds a mandate to support Member States in building fair and effective criminal justice systems and developing crime prevention programmes; therefore, UNODC is the actor which implements the project. Moreover, based on the extensive expertise in the area of crime prevention and criminal justice reform and comparative advantage based on its unique and structured mandate, UNODC ROEA and HQ will bring to the PLEAD Programme as a whole and the participating national institutions, in accordance with their identified and agreed immediate and long term needs, the following key advisory services: UNODC will ensure that relevant UN Agencies/Organizations including UNDP, UN-HABITAT, and UN Women (and any other interested agencies) contribute their respective skills and expertise in order to safeguard implementation of gender and human rights, including child rights and marginalized groups.



Periodical updates on key project events and news highlights on UNODC Eastern Africa are available here.



UNODC Regional Office for Eastern Africa

Charity Kagwi / Benedikt Hofmann

Project Coordinators

Tel: +254 20 7623739

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