Cross - Regional Wildlife Conservation in Eastern and Southern Africa and the Indian Ocean


Project duration : December 2017 - December 2023    

European Union contribution: €17,000,000

Total Project Budget: €17,200,000

Location: Eastern and Southern Africa and the Indian Ocean 

Implementing Partners: 


The overall objective of the project is to reduce the demand for trafficking and illegal killing of key African and Asian wildlife species. The project specific outcome is to strengthen the prevention, investigation and prosecution of wildlife crimes affecting key wildlife species, especially elephants, rhinos, pangolins and tigers.

The cross-regional wildlife programme pursues site-based, national and regional wildlife law enforcement, management collaboration and governance structures are strengthened within and between local communities, wildlife management agencies, law enforcement organisations and EAC, IGAD and SADC member states. This will be achieved through the implementation of three complementary specific objectives:

1. Wildlife law enforcement capacity and cross-border collaboration strengthened in selected transboundary ecosystems (7.8 million Euro implemented by CITES)

Expected results:

  • Wildlife law enforcement capacity and anti-poaching activities strengthened in high priority focal sites;
  • Mechanisms and capacity for adjacent countries to collaborate in joint law enforcement and anti-poaching operations strengthened in transboundary ecosystems;


2. Anti-trafficking efforts enhanced (6.7 million Euro implemented by UNODC)

Expected results:

  • Border controls strengthened through the extension of UNODC Container Control Programme (CCP) activities to new ports, air cargo terminals and border points in key strategic locations and the continued support to established port control units;
  • Capacities to combat wildlife and forest crime strengthened across the entire criminal justice chain through an array of tools, and capacity building measures;


3. The establishment and sustainable management of Trans-Frontier Conservation Areas (TFCAs) promoted and strengthened (2.7 million Euro implemented by CMS)

Expected results:

  • High-level political instruments (protocols) mandating the formation of TFCAs formulated /updated as requested and required by each Regional Organisation;
  • Bilateral and multilateral treaties / agreements / MoUs for the co-management of specific TFCAs formulated and signed by the responsible Ministers;


UNODC will have an active role on the implementation of the Second Specific Objective -Anti-trafficking efforts enhanced- which will be delivered through the increase in the geographical coverage and scope of two of UNODC's flagship programmes:

  • the Container Control Programme (CCP) : under this project, UNODC will strengthen detection and interdiction efforts to target trafficking of wildlife and forest products at ports, borders and airports in selected countries. The initiative supports the establishment of dedicated multi-agency Port Control Units (PCUs), staffed by enforcement officers drawn from agencies with trade, border and security mandates i.e. Customs, Police, Port Authority, and importantly, the PCUs will also include officers from national Wildlife and/or Forest Authorities;
  • the Global Programme for Combatting Wildlife and Forest Crime: under the global project, UNODC will developed tools and methodologies to increase the capacity of Member States to effectively prevent, identify, investigate, prosecute and adjudicate wildlife and forest crime;


The wilder beneficiaries of this project are the entire populations of the selected countries while the key stakeholders and target groups are the enforcement agencies (polices, customs, rangers, forestry officials); criminal justice system actors (prosecutors, judiciary, legislators); national wildlife and environmental authorities and decision makers; sub-regional and regional institutions; vulnerable rural communities; consumer groups and policy makers; and non-governmental organisations.  



Periodical updates on key project events and news highlights on UNODC's work in Eastern Africa  here.  



UNODC Regional Office for Eastern Africa

Javier Montano

Project Coordinator

Tel : (+254-20) 762-1298