Renforcement des capacités nationales et régionales des forces d'application de la loi, des procureurs et du système judiciaire et renforcement de la coopération entre les États membres de la CEEAC pour lutter contre la criminalité liée aux espèces sauvages et le trafic illicite des ressources naturelles


PROJECT DURATION: December 2017 - December 2021    



LOCATION: Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, DR Congo, Rwanda, Sao Tome & Principe and Chad

IMPLEMENTING PARTNERS: UNODC is the main organisation implementing the project. However, UNODC communicates with international partners, including the International Consortium on Combating Wildlife Crime (ICCWC) and UNODC will also collaborate with the United Nations Office for Central Africa (UNOCA), whose main mission is to assist the ECCAS.



The main objective of the project is the law enforcement and strengthened the judicial institutions among ECCAS member states to reduce wildlife crime and illicit trafficking of natural resources in Central Africa. To achieve it, there are three complementary specific objectives:

  • strengthen national capacity to prevent, detect, investigate, prosecute and prosecute wildlife crime and illicit trafficking of natural resources in Central Africa;
  • strengthen cooperation among ECCAS member states to combat wildlife crime and illicit trafficking of natural resources;
  • and, strengthen national capacity to combat corruption and money laundering that facilitates wildlife crime and illicit trafficking of natural resources.

Although each specific objective is an independent component, the three components are closely linked as they go hand in hand with the issues that need to be addressed to reduce wildlife crime and natural resource trafficking. Taking into account these objectives, the main expected results and the subsequent activities to achieve them, are the following:

Outcome 1: Ability to combat wildlife crime and the trafficking of natural resources strengthened throughout the criminal justice chain. Activities:

  • Train law enforcement agencies and provide operational support and mentoring to improve the process of gathering and analyzing information, investigations and investigative techniques (Gabon, Congo Brazzaville and perhaps others);
  • Provide expertise and technical assistance for the review, strengthening and enforcement of wildlife and forest crime legislation, including anti-money laundering legislation, to complement and / or endorse laws normative provisions that have a deterrent effect on criminals;
  • Advocate prosecutors and judges to give greater priority to cases and prosecutions of wildlife and forest crime. They should be made aware of the importance of a fair and consistent sentence and the development of sentencing guidelines for wildlife and forest crime;

Outcome 2: Strengthening regional and national capacities for cooperation among ECCAS member States. Activities:

  • Support the establishment and / or operationalization of inter-institutional working groups on wildlife crime and enhanced interinstitutional cooperation. Support the development and implementation of systems that effectively contribute to the rapid and proactive sharing of intelligence and cooperation in investigations and prosecutions in the region, in collaboration with ICCWC;
  • Organize round tables with relevant stakeholders to discuss the current situation and the challenges posed by mineral trafficking; make practical recommendations to solve the problem; and develop action plans with timelines, actors identified and to be monitored by UNODC and other relevant actors;
  • Conduct a study on mineral trafficking in certain regions of Central Africa to better understand the current situation in Central Africa, fill existing gaps in knowledge and carry out actions defined on the basis of evidence to respond to this traffic , using the Wildlife and Forest Crime Analysis Toolbox and other relevant methods. The study will focus on the threats and responses needed - in collaboration with the ICCWC;

Outcome 3. Enhanced anti-money laundering and corruption measures. Activities:

  • Develop anti-corruption strategies for national wildlife agencies, including risk assessment and prioritization, implementation of these risk-based strategies in selected pilot countries;
  • Provide basic and advanced training for investigators and prosecutors on AML and the fight against corruption;
  • Assess the use and implementation of money laundering and proceeds of crime provisions to combat wildlife crime in selected countries, then make recommendations, including action plans on the implementation of effective implementation of the provisions on money laundering and wildlife crime;


The key national partners and actors targeted by this project can be categorized as follows:

  • All law enforcement forces: police, gendarmerie, customs, forest guards, anti-poaching units;
  • Specialized national bodies: anti-corruption bodies and anti-financial crime units;
  • The criminal justice system: prosecutors and judges;
  • Legislators;
  • National bodies responsible for matters relating to the protection and conservation of wildlife and national parks and their management, the national bodies responsible for environmental protection;
  • Regional and sub-regional organizations as well as relevant decision-makers for their support in coordination, national facilitation for conservation actions and harmonization in management approaches in the sub-region;
  • Consumers and policy makers;
  • Vulnerable rural communities;
  • Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) such as TRAFFIC, Conservation Justice, ASPINALL Foundation, LAGA, WWF (World Wildlife Fund).

While the populations of the Central African States are the main beneficiaries, the project is broadly focused on strengthening the capacity of the law enforcement forces, prosecutors and the judiciary, improving regional cooperation and support for tougher anti-corruption and anti-money laundering measures.

The project is carried out in the framework of the Economic Community of Central African States ECCAS. Therefore, the locations of the project are Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, DR Congo, Rwanda, Sao Tome & Principe and Chad.  



Periodical updates on key project events and news highlights on UNODC's work in Eastern Africa here.  



UNODC Regional Office for Eastern Africa

Javier Montano

Project Coordinator

Tel : (+254-20) 762-1298