Welcome to the UNODC's Human Trafficking Knowledge Portal. This Portal includes 3 databases; The Case Law database, the Legislation database, and the Bibliographic database.Through the Case Law database, UNODC hopes to raise awareness and assist countries in the ratification and implementation of the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, supplementing the United Nations against Transnational Organized Crime. The public website provides access to continuously updated and expanding resources and aims to favour the exchange of information and to support law enforcement, government officials, and practitioners who are working on behalf of human trafficking victims.
According to article 3 of the Trafficking in Persons Protocol: " "Trafficking in persons" shall mean the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs".
Virtually every country in the world is affected by trafficking, whether as a country of origin, transit or destination for victims. Even though the number of convictions for human trafficking is increasing, the 2016 UNODC Global Report on TIP reveals that between 2012 and 2014, approximately 25% of countries covered by the report had 10 or fewer related convictions per year. Approximately 15% of contributing countries did not report a single conviction. Human trafficking is a crime of such magnitude and atrocity that it cannot be dealt with successfully by any government alone. This global problem requires a global, multi-stakeholder strategy that builds on national efforts throughout the world.