- Positivism: Environmental Influences
- Classical: Pain-Pleasure Decisions
- Structural Factors and Organized Crime
- Ethical Perspective: Moral Failure in Decision-Making
- Perspectives on Crime Causes and Facilitating Factors
Published in May 2018
Regional Perspectives: Pacific Islands Region - added in November 2019
Regional Perspectives: Eastern and Southern Africa - added in April 2020
This module is a resource for lecturers
Possible class structure
This section contains recommendations for a teaching sequence and timing intended to achieve learning outcomes through a three-hour class. The lecturer may wish to disregard or shorten some of the segments below in order to give more time to other elements, including introduction, icebreakers, conclusion or short breaks. The structure could also be adapted for shorter or longer classes, given that the class durations vary across countries.
- Pre-class activity or (in-class) ice-breaker (10-15 minutes): Assign students to watch the interview with Prof. Phil Williams at home or watch the video in the beginning of class. Ask students about the relationship between globalization and transnational crime. How does globalization affect criminal organizations? Does State failure cause organized crime?
- Give a brief lecture about possible causes and facilitating factors of organized crime based on the Module narrative and recommended literature (35-40 minutes).
- Use some discussion questions (provided in the Module) to generate a debate about the topics covered in the lecture (20-25 minutes).
- Break (10 minutes)
- Administer and evaluate Quiz 6 (45 minutes): Give students 15 minutes to take Quiz 6 (sample questions are provided in the assessment section of the Module). Students can work in pairs to grade the quiz. They exchange quizzes and grade each other's results. Instructor asks individual students to read questions and discuss possible answers. This activity is expected to help students analyse the mistakes and learn from interaction with each other.
- Assign one of the research and independent study assignments as homework for the next class.