UNODC Mandate

UNODC HIV work is guided by specific declarations, resolutions and decisions adopted by United Nations General Assembly, Economic and Social Council, Commission on Narcotic Drugs, Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, and UNAIDS Programme Coordinating Board. Our work is aligned with the UNODC Strategic Framework 2018-2019, UNAIDS Fast-Track Strategy 2016-2021 as well as new commitments and mandates to support Member States including the April 2016 UN General Assembly Special Session on the World Drug Problem Outcome Document and the Ministerial Declaration 2019.

HIV and AIDS: legal framework

Relevant resolutions of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs (CND)

•    Resolution 49/4 from 2006
Responding to the prevalence of HIV/AIDS and other blood-borne diseases among drug user

•    Resolution 48/12 from 2005
Expanding the capacity of communities to provide information, treatment, health care and social services to people living with HIV/AIDS and other blood-borne diseases in the context of drug abuse and strengthening monitoring, evaluation and reporting systems.

•    Resolution 47/2 from 2004
Prevention of HIV/AIDS among drug users

•    Resolution 46/2 from 2003
Strengthening strategies regarding the prevention of human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in the context of drug abuse.

•    Resolution 45/1 from 2002
Human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in the context of drug abuse

Resolutions of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGASS) and of the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC)

•    Resolution 2009/6
Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS).

•    Resolution 2006/22
Providing technical assistance for prison reform in Africa and the development of viable alternatives to imprisonment.

•    Resolution 2004/35
Combating the spread of HIV/AIDS in criminal justice pre-trial and correctional facilities .

Political Declarations of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGASS)

•    2006 - High Level Meeting of the United Nations General Assembly: Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS (60/262)

•    2001 - United Nations General Assembly Special Session on HIV/AIDS: Declaration of Committment on HIV/AIDS

National legislations


The Department of STD, AIDS and Viral Hepatitis of the Brazilian Ministry for Healthcare provides information directed to the general public about the legislation relevant for the individuals living with the HIV. The webpage brings together information about the Brazilian legislation on the STD and AIDS, about the rights of individuals living with HIV and AIDS, approved laws, resolutions, ordinances and technical norms.


National Plan on Healthcare in the Prison System
Informative Booklet (in Portuguese)

National Policy for Homeless Population
Decree no. 7.053 from 23 December 2009 (in Portuguese) - institutes the National Policy for Homeless Population and its Intersectoral Monitoiring Committee.

Amendments in the Law for Penal Execution
Law no. 10.792, from 1 December 2003 (in Portuguese) - alterates the law no 7.210, from 11 June 1984 - Law for Penal Execution and the Decree-Law no 3.689, from 3 October 1941 - Penal Process Code


The Argentinean Ministry for Health provides on its webpage a compilation of laws and resolutions of the country regarding HIV and AIDS, including the National Law on AIDS, and the decrees about diagnostics, tests for pregnant women, human rights, armed forces, beneficiary entities and complementary health care (in Spanish).


The Library of the Chilean National Congress provides a practical guide about the Chilean Law on AIDS, including frenquently asked questions that explains the principal content related to the issue, in a popular language (in Spanish).


In 2009, the Uruguayan Ministry of Public Healthcare produced publication about legal framework referring to HIV/AIDS in Uruguay.