Nigeria ranks third among countries with highest burden of Human Immuno-Deficiency Virus (HIV) infection in the world. The 2019 Nigeria National HIV/AIDS Indicator and Impact Survey found that 1.9 million people are living with HIV and AIDS in Nigeria as at 2018. However, HIV and AIDS are far more prevalent among people in prisons and high-risk drug users, in particular people who inject drugs (PWIDs). According to recent UNODC studies on HIV prevalence in Nigerian prisons and on drug use in Nigeria, 2.8% of people in prisons and 9% of people who inject drugs (PWIDs) live with HIV/AIDS. These figures are much higher than the 1.4% prevalence rate among the general population.

Our work

As a co-sponsor of the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), UNODC supports Nigeria to achieve universal access to comprehensive HIV prevention, treatment, care and support services for PWIDs and for people in prisons. More specifically, UNODC provides capacity building, operational researches, and provision of technical support. More recently, efforts have been particularly focused on improving evidence-based policy review and development, harm reduction among PWIDs and gender-sensitive issues in Nigerian correctional centres.

Our partners

Key partners for UNODC's work on HIV/AIDS include, amongst others, the Federal Ministry of Health, the National Agency for the Control of AIDs, the Nigeria Correctional Service, Nigeria Drug Law Enforcement Agency, UNAIDS, the World Health Organization as well as relevant civil society organizations.

Our projects

Within the framework of the HIV and Health in Nigerian Prisons project and with funding from the European Union, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and UNAIDS, UNODC conducted the first ever national survey on HIV and AIDS situation, available health services and drug use in Nigerian prisons as well as a similar assessment in Nigerian borstal institutions, and provided related training for health workers in prison in the areas of prevention, care and treatment.

Under the HIV and Health of People Who Use Drugs project and building on the findings of the 2019 Drug Use Survey in Nigeria, UNODC also supports the Government of Nigeria on harm reduction activities among PWIDs as well as on further enhancing access to quality health services by prisoners, including those living with HIV/AIDS.