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Panama is visited by the United Arab Emirates and Jamaica in the framework of the Implementation Review Mechanism (IRM) of the United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC)

The United Nations Convention against Corruption is the only global instrument to combat corruption. It was ratified by the Republic of Panama in 2005 and has 181 States Parties to date, being a quasi-universal instrument.

The United Nations Convention against Corruption addresses the issue with a holistic and multidisciplinary approach that includes four substantive areas; preventive measures, criminalization and law enforcement, international cooperation and asset recovery.

In order to review and support the implementation of the Convention, the Implementation Review Mechanism (IRM) was established, under the responsibility of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). The process is intergovernmental, transparent as well as impartial, and it provides opportunities to exchange good practices, along with identifying challenges in the implementation of the Convention. At the same time, the Mechanism promotes constructive collaboration between States Parties and allows the request for technical assistance based on the difficulties encountered.

Under the Mechanism, each State Party is examined by two States Parties, selected by lot. The Mechanism was divided into two cycles. During the first one, Chapter III (Criminalization and Law Enforcement) and IV (International Cooperation) of the Convention were analyzed. Today, we are going through the second cycle; targeting Chapters II (Preventive Measures) and V (Asset Recovery).

In this regard, Panama is under review by Jamaica and the United Arab Emirates. From 28 to 30 March 2017, an on-site visit took place, during which a direct dialogue was generated between the experts from the examining countries and representatives of several public institutions as well as civil society of Panama.

The resulting executive report of this review is estimated to be published on the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) website by September 2017.