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Series of mock trial workshops on prosecuting cybercrime in El Salvador

San Salvador, 2 September 2021. The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime for Central America and the Caribbean (UNODC ROPAN) through the Global Programme on Cybercrime delivered two workshop-mock trials in El Salvador: one on cybercrime against digital data and systems and the other in cybercrime against children. These workshops were attended by prosecutors and digital forensic analysts.
The Attorney’s General Office (prosecution) and the National Civil Police (law enforcement) participated in these twenty-six-hour workshops. The first was focused on cybercrime against digital data and systems and took place from 12 to 28 July 2021; while the second was focused on cybercrime against children and took place from 9 to 25 August 2021.


The objectives of these workshops were:


1. To explain cybercrime and related digital technologies concepts.

2. To reflect more deeply on the technical and legal implications of prosecuting and adjudicating cybercrime against digital data and systems, as well as cybercrime against children.

3. To develop hands-on prosecuting techniques to be applied in criminal processes involving digital evidence.


These workshops were delivered by a broad team of experts, involving legal and digital forensic specialists of UNODC Global Programme on Cybercrime, UNODC legal experts in trafficking in persons, as well as digital forensic examiners and cybercrime investigators of El Salvador National Civil Police.


In these workshops participants learned about the legislation applied to prosecuting and adjudicating cybercrime in El Salvador, open-source investigative and intelligence techniques, arguing before court techniques, requesting digital evidence from foreign tech companies, links between trafficking in persons and digital technologies, as well as related concepts such as the internet of things, the dark web, peer-to-peer networks, and cryptocurrencies.


During the three weeks that each workshop lasted, different sessions were devoted to practical exercises which ended with a two-and-a-half-hour session where a mock trial was held. The mock trials were led by a team of legal experts headed by a judge.


This series of mock-trials workshops had been made possible thanks to funding from the Canadian Government to UNODC Global Programme on Cybercrime.