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UNODC Master Conference on Good Governance Diploma for a Culture of Transparency in Guatemala


Guatemala, October 16, 2020. As part of the first anniversary of the signing of the Cooperation Agreement for Good Governance to foster a culture of transparency, accountability and prevention of corruption and impunity, the government of Guatemala inaugurated the diploma course "Good Governance for a Culture of Transparency".
In this opening ceremony, José Vila del Castillo, Regional Representative of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime for Central America and the Caribbean, addressed the participants: "We express the continued support of UNODC to Guatemala in its effort to promote good governance, transparency, accountability and its commitment to fight corruption in order to achieve Sustainable Development Goal 16 of Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development".
He added that "the fight against corruption, with a special focus on prevention, as defined in the United Nations Convention against Corruption, is a vital component of the international community's collective efforts to promote peace and security, human rights and sustainable development.

"Knowing that the fight against corruption can only be successful through inter-institutional coordination and by applying a multidisciplinary approach, UNODC welcomes the series of agreements signed between the relevant Guatemalan institutions in this area, such as the "Inter-institutional Cooperation Agreement for Good Governance, Transparency and Accountability" and the "Inter-institutional Cooperation Agreement on Anti-Corruption," with the aim of implementing good practices through the prevention, investigation and prosecution of corruption and related crimes," Vila del Castilla said.
The magisterial conference with which the diploma started was in charge of Helmut Flores, specialist of UNODC.
"Some elements of public corruption are the abuse of public power entrusted to an official for private gain, the subject with a special quality as a public servant and the subject who acts abusing the exercise of his public function," explained the expert.
"There is grand corruption, which is the abuse of high-level power that benefits very few at the expense of many and causes serious harm to individuals and society. He added that "there is also the small corruption that is the daily abuse of public servants in their interactions with ordinary citizens.

Flores reminded the audience that the United Nations Convention against Corruption has been ratified by the majority of States,187 in total, and that this "is a tool that provides a broad framework of possibilities for controlling corruption, as well as measures to prevent and suppress this crime.
In addition, he emphasized that, "among the factors that promote corruption are rents or benefits, rationalization, opportunities, social or cultural context, and pressures.