Bản dịch tiếng Việt
Amphetamine-type Stimulants in Viet Nam - Review of the Availability, Use and Implications for health and security
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Acting together to fight drugs and crime in Viet Nam

Hanoi (Viet Nam), 24 May 2012
- Like its neighbours in the Greater Mekong Sub-region, Viet Nam is confronted with increasing illicit drug use and trafficking and related criminal activities.

Although heroin remains the most common drug of use in Viet Nam, according to Government statistics, particularly troubling is the continued rapid growth of use by young drug users of amphetamine-type stimulants (ATS) such as methamphetamine, crystalline methamphetamine and ecstasy. Many of these young users live in large cities, border areas and industrial zones. ATS are now the second-most popular class of illicit drugs of use in Viet Nam, ahead of opium.

Most of these illicit drugs are trafficked into Viet Nam from neighbouring countries by transnational organized criminal groups.

To address these significant drugs and crime issues, the Government of Viet Nam, the Mini-Dublin Group and UNODC Viet Nam held a day-long Round Table Meeting on Action against Drugs, Crime and Human Trafficking 27 April 2012 at the Hanoi Daewoo Hotel. The 130 meeting attendees included senior Viet Nam Government officials, and representatives from Embassies, development and UN member agencies and media.

The meeting's high-level presentations included the launch by UNODC Viet Nam of its Amphetamine-type Stimulants in Viet Nam - Review of the Availability, Use and Implications for health and security.

An initiative of the UNODC Viet Nam project VNM/J93, Support for developing effective ATS prevention strategies and measures for East Asia - a pilot in Viet Nam, which is funded by the Governments of Japan and Sweden, the Report assesses ATS availability and use in Viet Nam, then makes recommendations to reduce ATS use and its associated negative public health outcomes.

The Report recommends a multi-pronged response to ATS in Viet Nam, one that combined law enforcement efforts with prevention and awareness-raising campaigns at schools, universities and communities, and that adapted existing harm reduction strategies to better respond to the specific needs of groups at high-risk of using ATS.

It also calls for continued observation, data collection, adjustments to the legal framework, strengthened cooperation and information-sharing mechanisms between Vietnamese law enforcement agencies, and capacity building of prosecutors, forensics, customs officials, police officers and within the health sector.

Round table attendees were briefed on Viet Nam's strategies on drug and crime prevention by high-level Government representatives. General Mr. Pham Quy Ngo, Vice-Minister of Public Security, outlined Viet Nam's national strategies on drug and crime prevention.

Acknowledging the importance of more rigorous law enforcement efforts, General Pham highlighted the need for a comprehensive national response that combined law enforcement, demand reduction, treatment and rehabilitation measures, support to human trafficking victims, and community awareness.

Representatives of Viet Nam's Standing Office on Drug and Crime (SODC) officially presented at the meeting the country's new National Drug Control and Crime Prevention strategies as well as the National Programme against Human Trafficking.

Key objectives in Viet Nam's national drug prevention and suppression efforts include: reducing the number of drug users; rehabilitation measures that allow for better integration of former drug users into society; more effective drug detection, investigation and enforcement; improved public awareness; and the active participation of communities in crime prevention.

Representing the donor community, H.E. Mr. Allaster Cox, Ambassador of Australia to Viet Nam, and 2011 Chair of the Mini-Dublin Group on Drug Control, presented the Group's recommendations to the Government and officially transferred the Chairmanship of the Mini-Dublin Group for 2012 to Japan.

Noting that illicit drugs are closely linked to other criminal activities, such as money laundering, corruption, human trafficking and illegal migration, Ambassador Cox called for a comprehensive efforts by national authorities to effectively address these challenges. He presented recommendations of the Mini-Dublin Group members.

"The international community, represented by the Mini Dublin Group in Hanoi, is strongly supportive of the efforts of Vietnam's government in fighting the spread of narcotics and illicit drugs. Vietnam is in a vital strategic location in the fight against the spread of narcotics," said H.E. Mr. Allaster Cox, Ambassador of Australia to Viet Nam, "There has been progress, but criminal syndicates always strive to be a step ahead of law enforcement. By working together actively, Australia, Vietnam and Japan and other key partners are determined to contain and curb the spread of illegal drugs in East and South East Asia."

In a follow-up discussion with national authorities, representatives of the donor community - members of the Mini-Dublin Group, UN agencies and other development partners - discussed priorities in these areas and on possible technical assistance in support of national strategies.

UNODC Viet Nam Country Manager Ms Zhuldyz Akisheva presented the draft UNODC Country Programme for Viet Nam for 2012-2017. Developed in close consultation with national partners, the Programme supports national priorities outlined in the drug control and crime prevention national strategies. It is also aligned with the new One UN Plan for Viet Nam, making it an integral part of overall UN assistance to the country.