The Science of Hope

Algoe, S. B., Haidt, J., & Gable, S. L. (2008). Beyond reciprocity: Gratitude and relationships in everyday life. Emotion, 8(3), 425–429. https://doi.org/10.1037/1528-3542.8.3.425

Emmons, R. A., & McCullough, M. E. (2003). Counting blessings versus burdens: An experimental investigation of gratitude and subjective well-being in daily life.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84(2), 377–389. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.84.2.377

Emmons, R. A., & Mishra, A. (2012). Why gratitude enhances well-being: What we know, what we need to know. In Sheldon, K., Kashdan, T., & Steger, M.F. (Eds.) Designing the future of positive psychology: Taking stock and moving forward. New York: Oxford University Press.

Emmons & McCullough, 2003 ;McCullough, Kilpatrick, Emmons, & Larson, 2001 ; Wood, Froh, & Geraghty, 2010. Investigators have recently begun to study the optimal conditions under which positive activities increase happiness and the mechanisms by which these effects work.

Fredrickson, B. L., Tugade, M. M., Waugh, C. E., & Larkin, G. R. (2003). What good are positive emotions in crisis? A prospective study of resilience and emotions following the terrorist attacks on the United States on September 11th, 2001. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84(2), 365–376. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.84.2.365

Froh, J. J., Fan, J., Emmons, R. A., Bono, G., Huebner, E. S., & Watkins, P. (2011). Measuring gratitude in youth: Assessing the psychometric properties of adult gratitude scales in children and adolescents.Psychological Assessment, 23(2), 311–324. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0021590

Froh, Jeffrey & Emmons, Robert & Card, Noel & Bono, Giacomo & Wilson, Jennifer. (2011). Gratitude and the Reduced Costs of Materialism in Adolescents. Journal of Happiness Studies. 12. 289-302. 10.1007/s10902-010-9195-9.

Froh, J. J., Kashdan, T. B., Ozimkowski, K. M., & Miller, N. (2009).Who Benefits The Most from a Gratitude Intervention in Children and Adolescents? Examining Positive Affect as a Moderator. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 4, 408–422.

Gino, F., & Schweitzer, M. E. (2008). Blinded by anger or feeling the love: How emotions influence advice taking. Journal of Applied Psychology, 93(5), 1165–1173. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.93.5.1165

Lyubomirsky, S., & Layous, K. (2013). How do simple positive activities increase well-being?. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 22(1), 57-62.

Mccullough, Michael & Emmons, Robert & Tsang, Jo-Ann. (2002). The Grateful Disposition: A Conceptual and Empirical Topography. Journal of personality and social psychology. 82. 112-27. 10.1037//0022-3514.82.1.112.

Nowak, M. A., & Roch, S. (2007). Upstream reciprocity and the evolution of gratitude.Proceedings. Biological sciences, 274(1610), 605–609. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2006.0125

Ramsey, Meagan A. (2015) Promoting Parents' and Children's Well-Being through Parent-Child Gratitude Interventions. Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports. 6471. https://researchrepository.wvu.edu/etd/6471

Watkins, P. C., Woodward, K., Stone, T., & Kolts, R. L. (2003).Gratitude and Happiness: Development of a Measure of Gratitude and Relationships with Subjective Well-Being. Social Behavior and Personality, 31, 431-452. ( On the importance of gratitude to subjective well-being.)

Wood, A. M., et al. (2009). Gratitude Influences Sleep through the Mechanism of Pre-Sleep Cognitions. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 66(1), 43–48.

Wood, A.M., Froh, J.J., & Geraghty, A.W.A. (2010). Gratitude and well-being: A review and theoretical integration. Presents a new model of gratitude incorporating both gratitude that arises following help from others and habitual appreciations of the positive aspects of life. Clinical Psychology Review, 7, 890-905.

Youth Gratitude Project:

“Hope is an essential part of Social and Emotional Learning (SEL).”

Made possible with the generous support of France.