The Summit participants affirm that international cooperation is a critical part of effective drug control. It is also recognized that the United Nations Office for Drug Control and Crime Prevention has an essential role in addressing the global challenges of the drug problem. Legislators and parliamentarians from around the world should continue to work together and share information about successful methods to reduce drug abuse, production and trafficking. A balanced approach - focusing on all aspects of drug control - is essential. Obtaining a significant reduction in the supply of and demand of illegal drugs, as called for at the U.N. General Assembly Special Session of June 1998, should continue to be a priority.
Specifically, Summit participants agreed on the importance on the following subjects:
- Increased international drug control assistance is required in order to control drug production from major illicit drug producing countries, notably Colombia and Afghanistan. An equitable distribution of new resources between law enforcement, alternative development and demand reduciton ought to be ensured;
- Chemical precursors used in the manufacture of illicit drugs, including synthetic drugs, are a global problem of increasing concern. All countries must do more to increase their controls. This includes more informaiton sharing between law enforcement agencies about pre-shipment details in order to prevent the diversion of precursor chemicals;
- Cooperative drug interdiction and anti-money laundering efforts at the sub-regional, hemispheric and global level are an essential part of cracking down on criminals who profit from drug trafficking.
- Greater transparency in global financial activities should become a shared international value;
- All nations have a responsibility to support alternative development initiatives in regions where illegal drugs are being eradicated;
- Demand reduction should cover all areas of prevention: education, early intervention, treatment, rehabilitation and social integration. Countries should continue to develop capacities within their criminal justice systems for assisting drug abusers in reintegration into society.
- Drug control organizations should make full use of modern technology to combat the increasingly sophisticated methods being used by drug traffickers. The assistance of technology-based businesses should be enlisted in this endeavour.
- Recognizing the success already achieved, all countries, including producer, consumer and transit nations, should continue their political support for, and increase resource allocation to, the United Nations Ofice for Drug Control and Crime Prevention;