* The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.
Data reflect information available as of 25/08/2021.
NPS have become a global phenomenon with 131 countries and territories from all regions of the world having reported one or more NPS. This map shows the number of NPS that countries/territories have reported to the UNODC EWA. 1,049 substances have been reported worldwide so far.
Data reflect information available as of 25/08/2021. Data for the most recent years may not yet be complete. Plant-based substances are listed as a separate category as they usually contain a large number of different substances, some of which may not be fully known, and the effects and interactions of which may not be fully understood.
This interactive graph displays the 10 NPS most frequently reported to UNODC by countries/territories worldwide as well as their effect group. Duplicate entries (more than one report for the same NPS, country/territory and year) have been removed. Understanding how many countries have seen the emergence of a specific NPS and if this has happened in different parts of the world is an important element of the risk analysis UNODC undertakes to support the prioritization of NPS for international review by the World Health Organization.
Data reflect information available as of 27/08/2021.
Understanding the health risks associated with the use of NPS is an important element of the analysis UNODC undertakes to support the prioritization of NPS for international review by the World Health Organization. This graph displays the 10 NPS most frequently mentioned in toxicology cases reported to UNODC by effect group, region and type of event that led to the submission of the sample for analysis. In many cases, multiple substances were identified. The presence of an NPS does not necessarily mean it contributed – alone or in combination with other substances present - to the adverse health outcome.