SDG 2: End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture


Target 2.4: By 2030, ensure sustainable food production systems and implement resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity and production, that help maintain ecosystems, that strengthen capacity for adaptation to climate change, extreme weather, drought, flooding and other disasters and that progressively improve land and soil quality



Through its alternative development and sustainable livelihoods programmes, UNODC provides economically viable, legal alternatives to men and women living in poor rural communities involved in cultivating coca bush, opium poppy or cannabis, and in this process, improves the food security of these communities.

Illicit crop cultivation affects food productivity and food security of affected communities, in that the land that could have been used for agricultural purposes is used to cultivate illicit crops, thus pushing poor farmers into a trap, where they are forced to rely on illicit crop cultivation to fulfil their basic food and financial needs.

Alternative development programmes assist farmers to shift to licit and sustainable alternative livelihood practices, and improve their farming techniques as well as increase their income, thus enabling them to increase their productivity and achieve food security.