SDG 9: Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation


Target 9.1: Develop quality, reliable, sustainable and resilient infrastructure, including regional and transborder infrastructure, to support economic development and human well-being, with a focus on affordable and equitable access for all




Poor levels of infrastructural development, alongside issues of governance, constitute root causes of large scale illicit cultivation in rural areas. UNODC's concept of alternative development centres around the understanding that illicit drug cultivation areas are mostly areas where isolation and poverty are prevalent and where farmers cultivate illicit drug crops because they are unable to obtain sufficient income from legal activities due to lack of markets, conflict, marginal land and absence of basic infrastructures.

In order to provide farmers with sustainable, self- sufficient, economically viable alternatives to illicit crop cultivation, UNODC's alternative development programmes also encourage complementary investments in infrastructural development. Furthermore, AD programmes assist governments in improving infrastructure (roads, bridges, processing plants, transportation, electrical lines, water supply etc.), thus addressing some of the key underlying causes of illicit crop cultivation and in turn, contributing to progress on SDG 9.