Wildlife and Forest Crime Analytic Toolkit
Compilation d'outils pour l'analyse de la criminalité liée aux espèces sauvages et aux forêts
Herramientas para el análisis de los delitos contra la vida silvestre y los bosques
In mid-2012, UNODC, in partnership with other members of ICCWC, developed the Wildlife and Forest Crime Analytic Toolkit. The Toolkit is a technical resource to assist government officials in wildlife and forestry administration and customs as well as other relevant agencies, to conduct a comprehensive analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of preventive and criminal justice responses and other measures related to the protection and monitoring of wildlife and forest products which are crucial to curtailing wildlife and forest crime both nationally and internationally.
The Toolkit is available for all governments interested in undertaking a national analysis mission with regard to wildlife and forest crime in their country. ICCWC will support requesting countries during the entire implementing process - including mobilizing funds, hiring experts, analyzing the results, designing and delivering technical assistance. Base on the results, ICCWC and relevant government authorities will design a work plan for national capacity-building programmes and technical assistance delivery.
Purpose, concept and objectives
The Wildlife and Forest Crime Analytic Toolkit aims to provide comprehensive guidance in analysing administrative, preventive and criminal justice responses to wildlife and forest crime and other related offences in a given country. An additional purpose of the Toolkit is to identify the different actors in the wildlife and forest offences chain and to provide an understanding of the factors that drive their activities, in order to begin the comprehension of what may be required to prevent an increase in wildlife offences as a global phenomenon.
The Toolkit has four key elements, which assist users in the following ways:1. Identifying current patterns of wildlife and forest offences, including their drivers and actors;
2. Analysing the criminal justice response, including the legislative, enforcement, prosecutorial and judicial systems in use;
3. Understanding the different links and actors in the wildlife and forest offenses chain; and
4. Implementing measures to address and prevent wildlife offenses from being committed by offering alternative incentives.
Four Keys of The Wildlife and Forest Crime Analytic Toolkit
The Toolkit can be useful to the expert practitioner as a checklist and effective guide to understanding the main issues in this emerging field. The measures proposed in the Toolkit are intended to help to analyze criminal justice systems and other mechanisms to prevent and address wildlife and forest offences. The detailed sets of tools should function to provoke thought about, and to provide insight into, the relevant causes and consequences of wildlife and forest offences.
Structure and content
The Wildlife and Forest Crime Analytic Toolkit is organized into five parts: (a) legislation; (b) enforcement; (c) judiciary and prosecution; (d) drivers and prevention; and (e) data and analysis. Each part represents one of the sectors involved in the preventive and criminal justice response to wildlife and forest offences. The five parts also reflect and bring together a great variety of government agencies, civil society organizations, individuals and other stakeholders.
Toolboxes in each subsection subsume a thematic set of questions, leading the user to the most relevant aspects of a topic and helping to structure the analysis.
Each part provides a practical and detailed guide to the key issues to be examined, with reference to the relevant international conventions, standards and norms, as well as the relevant literature, documents and guidelines (where applicable). The level of detail in each part is deliberate, allowing users to gain an understanding of the depth and complexity that a thorough analysis of the criminal justice system pertaining to the wildlife and forestry sectors should involve.
Five parts of The Wildlife and Forest Crime Analytic Toolkit
Using the Toolkit
Each part of the Toolkit has been structured so that it can be consulted independently. Users of this Toolkit who have an interest in a particular aspect may refer only to those sections and tools that are of interest to them. Because the five parts do not function in isolation, the tools are cross-referenced to relevant sections in other parts.
Within each part, individual tools are clustered around key themes. The design, structure and layout of each tool follow a simple pattern that provides background information on the significance and context of each tool. This is followed by an explanation of the tool and its application. Where possible, references have been included that may serve as entry points for further reading and analysis.
It is hoped that the guidance offered and the resources recommended in the Wildlife and Forest Crime Analytic Toolkit may inspire and assist policymakers, law enforcers, judges, prosecutors, administrators and members of civil society in playing their role in the global effort to combat illegal trade in fauna and flora.
Implementing the Toolkit
The Toolkit is available for all Governments interested in undertaking a national analysis mission with regard to wildlife and forest crime in their country. ICCWC will support requesting countries during the entire implementing process. However, the implementation of the Toolkit is fully government-lead.
On the basis of the results, ICCWC and relevant government authorities will design a work plan for national capacity-building programmes and technical assistance delivery. Depending on the identified needs, one, more or all ICCWC partners will offer their services.
The Wildlife and Forest Crime Analytic Toolkit could be illustrated as a ten-steps process. These actions should be progressively taken in order to successfully implement the toolkit. If you need more information about the Wildlife and Forest Crime Analytic Toolkit please download it here ( English, French, Spanish).
The Wildlife and Forest Crime Analytic Toolkit ten-step process
UNODC has received twenty-seven requests to conduct national analyses using Wildlife and Forest Crime Analytic Toolkit.
If you have any question and need specific information about the Wildlife and Forest Crime Analytic Toolkit, please do not hesitate to contact us.