The international community has repeatedly expressed its concern with the negative impact of the proliferation of illicit firearms in societies whether at peace or in times of war. The Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (CCPCJ) and the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime (COP) urged Member States to ratify and fully implement the Convention and its Protocols, and requested UNODC to assist Member States in this endeavour, inter alia through the provision of legislative advise and legal drafting support, technical assistance, training and capacity building activities aimed at strengthening the capacities of States to respond to the challenges and threats posed by transnational organized crime, as well as through the development of specialized legal and operational tools. By its decision 4/6 and resolutions 5/4 and 6/2, the COP further urged States Parties to the Protocol to strengthen their national legislation in a manner consistent with this instrument, and requested UNODC to support States and facilitate technical assistance for the implementation of the Protocol.
To this end, the Implementation Support Section (ISS) of the Organized Crime and Trafficking Branch (OCB), created in 2011 the Global Firearms Programme (GFP).
Through the Global Firearms Programme, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime is assisting governments to address the issue of illegal manufacturing of and illicit trafficking of firearms, and firearms-related criminality through a holistic and integrated approach based on five main pillars and cross cutting issues.
The adoption of an adequate institutional and legislative framework at national and regional level is the first priority and condition for an effective firearms control regime... more
Tackling the illicit manufacturing of an illicit trafficking in firearms, their parts and components and ammunition requires a strong criminal justice response that includes effective enforcement...more
Both the UNTOC and the Firearms Protocol identify as their primary objective to promote, facilitate and strengthen cooperation among States to prevent and address transnational organized crime...more
The identification and monitoring of the extent, dynamics and actors involved and impacted by illicit firearms trafficking and its links to other forms of crime constitute crucial conditions...more