UNODC supports Nigeria on piracy and maritime crime

While damages from piracy in 2014 are estimated to be about 1 billion US dollars for the international community in the Gulf of Guinea with more than 1,000 sailors attacked by pirates in the same region,  prosecution for piracy in the Gulf of Guinea is currently almost absent as most states lack the relevant legal framework to handle such matters. In West and Central Africa, and particularly in the Gulf of Guinea, home to some of the biggest offshore oilfields in the world, maritime crime involves the hijacking of petrochemical tankers and attacks to other oil and petroleum storage and transportation platforms.

Efforts are underway to prosecute and convict criminal gangs involved in piracy and maritime crime in Nigeria as the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), with financial supports from the United States, trained more than 30 participants consisting of Federal High Court Judges, Federal Prosecutors, the Nigerian Maritime Administration and Safety Agency (NIMASA) legal officers, Nigerian Navy on international legal framework on piracy and maritime crime.

Participants at the Nigeria meeting

The four-day capacity building workshop, which took place in Abuja on 19-22 January 2016, aimed at building the capacity of relevant officers connected with investigating, prosecuting and adjudication of piracy and other maritime related offences and the need to forge regional cooperation among nations in the Gulf of Guinea. The workshop was anchored by two international legal experts appointed by UNODC, Mr. Phillip Drew from Canada and Mr Giuseppe Sernia, the Programme Officer from the Global Maritime Crime Programme at the UNODC Regional Office in Dakar, Senegal.

In her opening remark, the newly appointed Representative for the Nigerian office of UNODC, Ms. Cristina Albertin, called on participants to take advantage of the capacity building workshop and work together against piracy and maritime crime in line with international legal frameworks and conventions.

Declaring the workshop open, the Director of Prosecutions of the Federation, Mr. Mohammed Saidu Diri, stressed the need for capacity building of prosecutors, investigators and judges to prepare for the challenges ahead; even as he observed that the paucity of judicial precedents on piracy in Nigeria suggests clearly that the prosecution of such offences is nearly absent. Adding that, "The challenge of narrowing facts of particular offences of piracy to existing law is most harrowing for the prosecutors. In some cases, the facts may have to be used to state lesser offences and the suspect escapes appropriate criminal sanctions. This consequently erodes confidence of the public."

The Director of Prosecution who was represented by Mrs Nkiruka Jones-Nebo called for speedy passage of the NIMASA Bill on the suppression of piracy in Nigeria and praised the "the technical assistance being rendered by the UNODC, the United States Government and other development partners", assuring all that "this workshop will bear fruits that will last."

Currently with the financial support of United States of America, the Global Maritime Crime Programme of UNODC particularly assists in legal reforms, coordination and awareness raising for prosecutors, judges and legal experts in Nigeria, Togo, Benin, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Sao Tome and Principe, Gabon and Cameroon.

While sessions were dedicated to lessons on the different subjects, during which participants were stimulated to intervene with questions or comments, other sessions were dedicated to mock trials. These mock trials were based on some of the most important cases by the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, or fictional, addressing the application of all major maritime conventions and the weak spots in prosecution when a maritime crime is involved, including evidence collection and chain of custody and jurisdiction.

For more information:

UNODC's activities on maritime crime and piracy

2013 Yaounde Code of Conduct on Piracy and Illicit Maritime Activity

2014 UNODC Maritime Crime Programme Annual Report

UN Convention on the Law of the Sea