Publications

Promoting Integrity and Building Justice

Corruption

  United Nations Convention Against Corruption

    The UNCAC was adopted by the General Assembly by resolution 58/4 of 31 October 2003. The Convention entered into force on 14 December 2005. The Convention highlights the importance of prevention, criminalization, international cooperation and asset recovery.

 

Criminal Justice

Criminal Justice Assessment Toolkit

    The Criminal Justice Assessment Toolkit is a standardized and cross-referenced set of tools designed to enable United Nations agencies, government officials engaged in criminal justice reform, as well as other organizations and individuals to conduct comprehensive assessments of criminal justice systems. The purpose of such assessments is to identify areas of technical assistance required and to assist in training on these issues.

The Tools have been grouped within criminal justice system sectors: Policing; Access to Justice; Custodial and Non-Custodial Measures; and Cross-Cutting Issues.

Handbook on Prisoner File Management

   This Handbook is aimed at those who hold responsibility, at any level, for people in custody. It is of particular relevance to prison systems that do not have electronic systems for maintaining prisoner files.

The purpose of this handbook is three-fold: to demonstrate the importance of effective prisoner file management, to outline the key international human rights standards that apply to prisoner and detainee file management and to summarize the key requirements of prison systems in relation to prisoner and detainee file management in order to meet international human rights standards.

Compendium of United Nations Standards and Norms in Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

    The standards and norms in crime prevention and criminal justice, developed over the last 60 years, have paved the way to the adoption of five binding legal instruments and have provided a starting point for their negotiation. Now the hope is that those legal instruments will reinforce and strengthen the value and significance of the standards and norms, by eliciting the kind of system-wide cooperation that will give full weight to their further application.

This latest edition aspires to contribute to a wider awareness and dissemination of the United Nations standards and norms in crime prevention and criminal justice and, consequently, to reinforce respect for the rule of law and human rights in the administration of justice.

 

Handbook on strategies to reduce overcrowding in prisons

   This Handbook was created in partnership between UNODC and the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC). The Handbook has been designed to appeal to a broad readership ranging from policymakers to practitioners. The intention is to promote a common understanding of the different interests, concerns and perspectives with regard to overcrowding, to advance the establishment of common conceptual frameworks and, as a result, topave the way for coherent and applicable strategies that are designed to address overcrowding in a comprehensive manner. In the ICRC's experience, small but coordinated steps by a range of actors can make a real difference to the resolution of complex problems.

 

 

  Strengthening the Management , Operation, and Oversight of Reform and Rehabilitation Centers Administered by the Palestinian Authority. Manual for Trainers: Ensuring Human Rights in  Reform and Rehabilitation Centers Module 1

   This training manual was produced as part of the project on 'Strengthening the management, operation and oversight of Reform and Rehabilitation Centers administered by the Palestinian Authority'. This trainers' manual has been designed to give trainers the core materials needed to deliver a five day training course on Ensuring Human Rights in Prisons. This Human Rights training is based on clearly articulated objectives. Your objectives, as the trainer, should facilitate satisfaction of the needs of the participants. Three basic objectives for the trainers form the foundation of such programmes and mirror the following needs of the participants:

  • To receive information and knowledge on what human rights and humanitarian standards are and what they mean for the work of the participants in their jobs;
  • To acquire or reinforce skills, so that the functions and duties of the participants can be fulfilled effectively with due respect for human rights. Simple knowledge of standards is not enough to enable participants to transfer these rules into appropriate professional behaviour. The acquisition of skills should be viewed as a process whereby skills are fine-tuned through discussion, practice and application;
  • To become sensitized, that is, to change negative attitudes or reinforce positive attitudes and behaviour, so that the participants accept, or continue to accept, the need to promote and protect human rights through their work, and actually do so in the course of their duties.

Thus, to be effective, the training should be aimed at improving knowledge, skills and attitudes in order to contribute to appropriate professional behavior. In order to achieve this, the approach adopted in the manual is based on a range of interactive pedagogical techniques. The training methodology adopted in the manual is interactive, flexible, relevant and varied.

 

Strengthening the Management, Operation and Oversight of Reform and Rehabilitation Centers administered by the Palestinian Authority.  Manual for Trainer:  Working in Reform and Rehabilitation Centers  Module 2 

   This training manual was produced as part of the project on 'Strengthening the management, operation and oversight of Reform and Rehabilitation Centers administered by the Palestinian Authority'.  The production of this detailed training manual for Reform and Rehabilitation Centers in Palestine is a main first step towards improving the competency and training of officers who will form the nucleus of a specialized training institute. This is an essential component in promoting a contemporary concept of policing, based on respect for human rights in all its contexts.

This trainers' manual has been designed to give trainers the core materials that is needed to deliver the four day training course on Working in Reform and Rehabilitation Centres.

The training course is intended for all staff working in the Reform and Rehabilitation Centres in Palestine. It provides an introduction to criminology, penology and the role of prisons in society. It goes on to discuss the critical role of the modern prison officer, before looking at key elements of working in prison: conflict management; security awareness; and managing incidents.The training is based on clearly articulated objectives. Your objectives, as the trainer, should facilitate satisfaction of the needs of the participants, which include:

  • To receive information and knowledge on types of crime, why people commit crime, the role of prisons in society and what that means for the work of the participants in their jobs;
  • To enable participants to better understand the role of the modern prison officer and the key role that they play in promoting and protecting human rights through their works
  • To acquire or reinforce skills, such as conflict management and management of incidents, so that the functions and duties of the participants can be fulfilled effectively with due respect for human rights. The acquisition of skills should be viewed as a process whereby skills are fine-tuned through discussion, practice and application.

Thus, to be effective, your training should your training should be aimed at improving knowledge, skills and attitudes in order to contribute to appropriate professional behaviour. In order to achieve this, the approach adopted in the manual is based on a range of interactive pedagogical techniques. The training methodology adopted in the manual is interactive, flexible, relevant and varied.

 

Strengthening the Management, Operation and Oversight of Reform and Rehabilitation Centers Administered by the Palestinian Authority. Manual for Trainers: Managing Reform and Rehabilitation Centers Administered by the Palestinian Authority. Module 3   

This training manual was produced as part of the project on 'Strengthening the management, operation and oversight of Reform and Rehabilitation Centres administered by the Palestinian Authority'.

This trainers' manual has been designed to give trainers the core materials that you will need to deliver the four day training course on Managing Reform and Rehabilitation Centres. The training course is intended for managers who work in the Reform and Rehabilitation Centres in Palestine. It reminds participants of their role and responsibilities as prison leaders, including their role in protecting society against crime and upholding the rights of prisoners. The problems and issues participants face as leaders and managers are themes that run through the training programme.The relevance of international human rights standards and the prison leaders' responsibility to implement them within their own RRC is highlighted.

The second part of the training course discusses the challenges associated with the manager's responsibility for providing the basic needs of prisoners, including measures for the general health and welfare of all inmates. The last sessions look at a number of practical issues relating to the management of RRCs, including managing security and order. The course ends by asking participants to apply the learning by writing an action plan to implement when they return to their RRC.

In order to achieve this, the approach adopted in the manual is based on a range of interactive pedagogical techniques. The training methodology adopted in the manual is interactive, flexible, relevant and varied.

 

The Second Specialized Module on Classification, Sentence Management and Rehabilitation. Manual for Trainers.

This training manual was prepared for Correction and Rehabilitation Centers Department (CRCD) by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) in East Jerusalem as part of the programme PSEX-21- Strengthening the Management of the Palestinian Penitentiary System and the Rehabilitation of Inmates in Reform and Rehabilitation Centers, Administered by the Palestinian National Authority (PNA).

This teaching manual will be divided into chapters.  It provides everything you need to teach the material in the Classification, Sentence Management and Rehabilitation Training Guide.  Each chapter will have critical information for you as a trainer.

Your objectives, as the trainer, should facilitate satisfaction of the learning needs of the participants. Three basic objectives for the trainers form the foundation of such programmes and mirror the following learning needs of the participants:

  1. Participants want to receive information and knowledge on best-practices for these 3 sessions and how these practices will impact how they work and the quality of their work;
  2. Participants want to acquire or reinforce skills, so that the functions and duties of the participants can be fulfilled effectively with due respect for parameters within they are required to work. Simple knowledge of concepts is not enough to enable participants to transfer this knowledge into appropriate professional behaviour. The focus of the training should be on skill development and therefore include discussion, practice and application;
  3. Participants want to become sensitized to the importance of the material in the handbook.  This means we need to change negative attitudes and reinforce positive attitudes and behaviour, so that the participants accept, or continue to accept, the need to continually improve the way in which they work to satisfy their mandate of ensuring public safety through the responsible reintegration of offenders into the community.

In order to be effective, your training should be aimed at improving knowledge, skills and attitudes in order to contribute to appropriate professional behaviour.

Strengthening the management of the Palestinian Penitentiary System and the Rehabilitation of Inmates in Reform and Rehabilitation Centers administered by the Palestine State. Manual for Trainers. Security & Incident Management, Specialized Module 3  

This training manual was produced as part of the UNODC project PSEX-21 on Strengthening the Management of the Palestinian Penitentiary System and the Rehabilitation of Inmates in Reform and Rehabilitation Centers administered by the Palestinian National Authority (PNA), and specifically to "Enhance CRCD Staff's Training Capacity through Providing a Specialized Training Module on Security and Incident Management".

This trainers' manual has been designed to give trainers the core materials that is needed to deliver the three day training course on Emergency and Incident Management.  

The training course is intended for all staff working in the Reform and Rehabilitation Centres in Palestine. It provides an introduction to the predictors of riots and disturbances, the Incident Command System, the writing of 5 paragraph operational orders (SMEAC) and the requirements for operational briefing.

The training is based on clearly articulated objectives. Your objectives, as the trainer, should facilitate satisfaction of the needs of the participants, which include: 

  • To receive information and knowledge on types of incidents that occur in prisons and what efforts can be made to prevent them from occurring through intelligence gathering and dissemination, and early warning systems.
  • To acquire or reinforce actions required in order to prepare as much as possible for the event of an incident through training, equipment maintenance and policies and procedures.
  • To enable participants to better understand the role that they might be required to carry out when called on to respond to an incident as a first responding officer.
  • To recover as quickly as possible following the conclusion of an incident - to return to normality.

Thus, to be effective, your training should be aimed at improving knowledge, skills and attitudes in order to contribute to appropriate professional behaviour. 

In order to achieve this, the approach adopted in the manual is based on a range of interactive pedagogical techniques. The training methodology adopted in the manual is interactive, flexible, relevant and varied.

Juvenile Justice

Handbook for Professionals and Policymakers on Justice in Matters Involving Child Victims and Witnesses of Crime

In its resolution 2005/20, the Economic and Social Council adopted the Guidelines on Justice in Matters involving Child Victims and Witnesses of Crime. The Guidelines filled an important gap in international standards in the area of the treatment of children as victims or witnesses of crime.

In order to assist countries in implementing, at the national level, the provisions contained in the Guidelines and in other relevant international instruments, UNODC, in cooperation with UNICEF and the International Bureau for Children's Rights, has developed the Handbook for Professionals and Policymakers on the Guidelines on Justice in Matters involving Child Victims and Witnesses of Crime.

It is based on international best practices in the treatment of child victims and witnesses of crime by the criminal justice system. It is intended to serve as guidance for policymakers and professionals dealing with child victims and witnesses of crime, such as judges, medical and support staff, law enforcement officials, prosecutors, social workers, staff of non-governmental organizations and teachers.

United Nations Guidelines on Justice in Matters Involving Child Victims and Witnesses of Crime

In its resolution 2005/20, the Economic and Social Council adopted the Guidelines on Justice in Matters involving Child Victims and Witnesses of Crime. The Guidelines filled an important gap in international standards in the area of the treatment of children as victims or witnesses of crime.

The Guidelines, which represent good practice based on the consensus of contemporary knowledge and relevant regional and international norms, standards and principles, were adopted with a view to providing a practical framework to achieve the following objectives:

To assist in the review of national laws, procedures and practices so that they ensure full respect for the rights of child victims and witnesses of crime and contribute to the implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child by parties to that Convention.

To assist Governments, international organizations, public agencies, nongovernmental and community-based organizations and other interested parties in designing and implementing legislation, policies, programmes and practices that address key issues related to child victims and witnesses of crime.

To guide professionals and, where appropriate, volunteers working with child victims and witnesses of crime in their day-to-day practice in the adult and juvenile justice process at the national, regional and international levels, consistent with the Declaration of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power.

To assist and support those caring for children in dealing sensitively with child victims and witnesses of crime.

Juvenile Justice Reform in Lebanon

Upon the request of the Lebanese Government, UNODC implemented two projects (LEB/98/R71 in 1999 AND LEB /02/R30 in 2002) that shared the same overall objective: to support the Lebanese Government to bring its juvenile justice system in line with CRC and UN Standard and Norms. This evaluation report discusses the activities undertaken within both projects in an integrated manner. The purpose is to establish what the projects have achieved and if they have attained their objectives. It also seeks to draw lessons and best practices that can be used to improve project planning, design and management.

Protecting the Rights of Children in Conflict with the Law 

Established by a 1997 Resolution of the Economic and Social Council, the Inter-Agency Coordination Panel on Juvenile Justice, aims to coordinate policies, projects and activities among international organisations engaged with national authorities in juvenile justice reform. The work of the Panel is guided by the relevant provisions of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, other relevant international standards related to juvenile justice, and the recommendations of the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child.

 

Justice Matters Involving Children in Conflict with the Law; Model Law on Juvenile Justice and Related Commentary

This Model Law and the related Commentary are designed to provide legal guidance to States in the process of juvenile justice reform and assist them in drafting juvenile justice legislation. It translates compelling international juvenile justice standards and norms into a national context and aims at harmonizing national legislation with international requirements. This Model Law is based on core juvenile justice principles that need to be taken into considerationby States when drafting juvenile justice legislation and establishes due process guarantees for any child in conflict with the law. Furthermore, this Model Law contains provisions on the minimum age of criminal responsibility, including guidance on how to conduct age and personality assessments.

Human Trafficking and Smuggling of Migrants

Basic Training Manual on Investigating and Prosecuting the Smuggling of Migrants

This publication was launched during a side-event to the 19 th Annual Crime Commission held in Vienna during the period 17-19 May 2010. The Manual is a practical guide and training tool for criminal justice practitioners. The Basic Training Manual is the product of expertise shared in the context of three expert group meetings, which brought together law enforcers and prosecutors from around the world to exchange experiences from origin, transit and destination country perspectives. Key partners in the process of elaborating the Training Manual included EUROPOL, INTERPOL and the UK Serious and Organized Crime Agency (SOCA). The production of this manual was made possible through funding received from the European Union.

Combating Trafficking in Persons in Accordance with the Principles of Islamic Law

This paper addresses principles on the prohibition of exploitation and slavery in both the International and Islamic law, as well as principles providing protection for its victims. The paper is targeted both at Islamic practitioners who want to learn more about combating human trafficking and also at anti-trafficking practitioners wanting to learn more about Islamic law.

Needs Assessment Toolkit on the Criminal Justice Response to Human Trafficking

UNODC, in the framework of the Global Initiative to Fight Human Trafficking ( UN.GIFT) has developed the Needs Assessment Toolkit on the Criminal Justice Response to Human Trafficking.

The main objective of the toolkit is to guide the assessors in gathering and analyzing information pertaining to a country's criminal justice response to human trafficking. More specifically, it aims to assist governments, the civil society, the international community and other relevant actors to conduct a comprehensive or specific assessment of selected aspects of a country's criminal justice response to trafficking in persons.  The toolkit contains a number of components that are crucial for curtailing the crime of trafficking in persons and provides sufficient flexibility to be used for assessments both in places where a solid infrastructure for combating trafficking in persons exists and in places with few or no such measures.

Anti-Human Trafficking Manual for Criminal Justice Practitioners

In line with the "Trafficking in Persons" Protocol supplementing the United Nations Transnational Organized Crime Convention, the purpose of the United Nations Anti-Human Trafficking Manual for Criminal Justice Practitioners is to further facilitate the prevention of human trafficking, protection of its victims, prosecution of its culprits and develop international cooperation to achieve these targets.

Combating Trafficking in Persons - A Handbook for Parliamentarians

The Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) and UNODC, in the framework of the Global Initiative to Fight Human Trafficking (UN.GIFT), launched the publication Combating trafficking in persons: A Handbook for Parliamentarians.

As public awareness of human trafficking grows, people are demanding that action be taken to end it. As elected representatives, parliamentarians have a responsibility and the power to ensure that laws and other measures are put in place and implemented to that end. The Handbook is intended to inspire them to enact sound laws and adopt good practices that will strengthen national responses to human trafficking.

Toolkit to Combat Trafficking in Persons, 2008

The 123 tools contained in the Toolkit offer guidance, recommended resources, and promising practices to policymakers, law enforcers, judges, prosecutors, victim service providers and members of civil society who are working in interrelated spheres towards preventing trafficking, protecting and assisting victims and promoting international cooperation.

 

Forensics

Revision of the UN Manual on the Effective Prevention and Investigation of Extra-Legal, Arbitrary and Summary Executions (the Minnesota Protocol)

The Minnesota Protocol was - and remains - a ground-breaking piece of work with significant impact. However, it is being revised to take account of developments in both international law and forensic science. As a key UN text providing guidance on the practical implementation of the duty to protect life and the obligation to investigate potentially unlawful deaths, its updating will ensure its continuing relevance over the coming decades.