|CRIME||CORRUPTION||DRUG TRAFFICKING||DRUG USE||ICMP|
Corruption is a crime committed by officials (public or private) abusing of their role to procure gain for themselves or somebody else. Several forms of corruption exist: bribery, embezzlement, abuse of power, just to name a few.
UNODC adopts an evidence-based approach to quantify the extent and describe the patterns of corruption at country level.
Information on experience of corruption is gathered through sample surveys on different targets - general population, business sector, civil servants - following strict methodological standards.
Survey on Security and Crime against Businesses (Questionnaire)
PROACTIVE - Programme on Assessing Corruption Through Evidence-based methods
Building capacity to conduct surveys and studies to identify vulnerabilities to corruption and use information for better anti-corruption policies
While progress has been made in increasing awareness of corruption, as well as in developing effective policy-making for dealing with it, further efforts are needed to fight corruption. And, in marked contrast to measures taken in many other policy areas, corruption is often addressed without systemic knowledge of its patterns and modalities..
Differently from opinion-based methods, evidence-based approaches collect and analyze data on the experience of corruption to provide more solid and actionable information. Such approaches do not aim at scoring or ranking countries but rather to produce information for analysis, policy-development and monitor progress of anti-corruption strategies. Different typologies of studies exist and each of them target different groups: population, business sector, civil servants.