Corruption

CRIME CORRUPTION DRUG TRAFFICKING DRUG USE ICMP
 

Corruption is a crime committed by officials (public or private) abusing of their role to procure gain for themselves or somebody else. Several forms of corruption exist: bribery, embezzlement, abuse of power, just to name a few.

UNODC adopts an evidence-based approach to quantify the extent and describe the patterns of corruption at country level.

Information on experience of corruption is gathered through sample surveys on different targets - general population, business sector, civil servants - following strict methodological standards.


Reports Methodology

 

•Iraq

Corruption and integrity challenges in the public sector of Iraq

•Afghanistan

Corruption in Afghanistan: recent patterns and trends - 2013

Corruption in Afghanistan: Bribery as reported by the victims

•Nigeria

Business survey on corruption - Executive summary

•Western Balkans

Business surveys

Business, Corruption and Crime in the western Balkans: The impact of bribery and other crime on private enterprise (2013)

Business, Corruption and Crime in the western Balkans: key findings

Business, Corruption and Crime in Albania - English, Albanian

Business, Corruption and Crime in Bosnia and Herzegovina: - English, Bosnian

Business, Corruption and Crime in Croatia - English, Croatian

Business, Corruption and Crime in Kosovo - English, Serbian, Albanian

Business, Corruption and Crime in Serbia - English, Serbian

Business, Corruption and Crime in Montenegro - English, Montenegrin

Business, Corruption and Crime in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia:
The impact of bribery and other crime on private enterprise - English, Macedonian

Survey on Security and Crime against Businesses (Questionnaire)

Population surveys

Corruption in the western Balkans: bribery as experienced by the population

Corruption in Albania: bribery as experienced by the population

Corruption in Bosnia and Herzegovina: bribery as experienced by the population

Corruption in Croatia: bribery as experienced by the population - English, Croatian

Corruption in Kosovo: bribery as experienced by the population

Corruption in Montenegro: bribery as experienced by the population

Corruption in Serbia: bribery as experienced by the population - English, Serbian

Corruption in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia : bribery as experienced by the population - English, Macedonian

 

Quantitative approaches to assess and describe corruption and the role of UNODC in supporting countries in performing such assessments

Methodologies, including evidence-based approaches, for assessing areas of special vulnerability to corruption in the public and private sectors


 

Activities

 

PROACTIVE - Programme on Assessing Corruption Through Evidence-based methods

Building capacity to conduct surveys and studies to identify vulnerabilities to corruption and use information for better anti-corruption policies

While progress has been made in increasing awareness of corruption, as well as in developing effective policy-making for dealing with it, further efforts are needed to fight corruption. And, in marked contrast to measures taken in many other policy areas, corruption is often addressed without systemic knowledge of its patterns and modalities..

Differently from opinion-based methods, evidence-based approaches collect and analyze data on the experience of corruption to provide more solid and actionable information. Such approaches do not aim at scoring or ranking countries but rather to produce information for analysis, policy-development and monitor progress of anti-corruption strategies. Different typologies of studies exist and each of them target different groups: population, business sector, civil servants.

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