In Argentina, the possession and traffic of narcotic and psychotropic substances is regulated by Article 77 of the Penal Code, as amended by the 1989 Drug Law, No. 23.737. The official list of controlled substances is contained in Decree No. 722 of 18 April 1991, which was modified in 2010, 2015, 2017, 2018 and 2019 to include individual New Psychoactive Substances.
Decree No. 772 of May 2015 added substances such as GBL, 25I-NBOMe, and methylone. Decree No. 299 of 2010 added substances such as 2C-I; 2C-T-2; 2C-T-7, PMMA, TMA-2, ketamine, and mPPP.
Decree No. 69/17 of 2017, an amendment to Decree No. 722 of 1991, added over 60 substances, including: 2C-P, 3C-Bz, 3-MMC, 5-MeO-DMT, AB-FUBINACA, etizolam, at least 4 synthetic cannabinoids (JWH-022, JWH-122, JWH-200/WIN-55,255, and JWH-210), synthetic cathinone MDPBP, as well as MPA and MXE (summing up to a total of 306 controlled substances).
Decree No. 852/18 was adopted on 25 September 2018, placing 22 substances under national control (summing up to a total of 328 controlled substances). Substances included: 1P-LSD, ALD-52, acrylfentanyl, butyrfentanil, ocfentanyl, ethylphenidate, AMB-FUBINACA, MDMB-CHMICA and 2C-H.
Decree No. 560/19 was adopted on 14 August 2019, the most recent amendment to Article 77 of the Criminal Code of Argentina, placing another 134 NPS under national control, summing up to a total of 462 substances (see Annex I). Five arylcyclohexylamines; 12 synthetic cannabinoids; 22 synthetic cathinones; 16 phenethylamines; 3 synthetic opioids; 70 fentanyl analogues and 6 NPS belonging to 'other substances' as defined by UNODC. In addition 17 chemical NPS groups were placed under national control (see more under generic legislation)
A substance included in Annex I, must be considered as a “narcotic drug” under the terms of article 77 of the Criminal Code of Argentina.