Article 5 of ICSANT requires that each State party to ICSANT “adopt such measures as may be necessary: (a) To establish as criminal offences under its national law the offences set forth in article 2; (b) To make those offences punishable by appropriate penalties which take into account the grave nature of these offences.”

Pursuant to Article 6 of ICSANT "Each State Party shall adopt such measures as may be necessary, including, where appropriate, domestic legislation, to ensure that criminal acts within the scope of this Convention, in particular where they are intended or calculated to provoke a state of terror in the general public or in a group of persons or particular persons, are under no circumstances justifiable by considerations of a political, philosophical, ideological, racial, ethnic, religious or other similar nature and are punished by penalties consistent with their grave nature."

Pursuant to Article 7 of ICSANT "States Parties shall cooperate by: (a) Taking all practicable measures, including, if necessary, adapting their national law, to prevent and counter preparations in their respective territories for the commission within or outside their territories of the offences set forth in article 2, including measures to prohibit in their territories illegal activities of persons, groups and organizations that encourage, instigate, organize, knowingly finance or knowingly provide technical assistance or information or engage in the perpetration of those offences […]”