SDG 14: Conserve and Sustainably Use the Oceans, Seas and Marine Resources for Sustainable Development


SDG 15:  Protect, Restore and Promote Sustainable Use of Terrestrial Ecosystems, Sustainably Manage Forests, Combat Desertification, and Halt and Reverse Land Degradation and Halt Biodiversity Loss


  UNODC works to counter illegal logging and timber trafficking crime by strengthening national law enforcement, prosecutorial and judicial capacity, enhancing anti-corruption measures, strengthening legislation and international cooperation, and supporting timber identification methods, among other tools. All these impact-based actions contribute to the prevention of forest degradation. Further, the Alternative Development programmes contribute to preservation and sustainable use of natural resources through land stabilization projects and by helping to build resilience in communities affected by climate change.







Target 15.7: Take urgent action to end poaching and trafficking of protected species of flora and fauna and address both demand and supply of illegal wildlife products

Wildlife and forest crime has become a low-risk, high profit transnational organized crime, which is overwhelming countries and communities, affecting biodiversity and development. Through its Global Programme for Combating Wildlife and Forest Crime, UNODC will pursue its support at the frontline with law enforcement, prosecution, judiciary and relevant stakeholders at the national and international level to address this issue. UNODC is leading work on strengthening national legislative frameworks, law enforcement, prosecutorial and judicial capacity, fostering international cooperation, developing innovative solutions in forensics and conducting research though its global wildlife crime research. Through this global research work, UNODC supports the monitoring of SDG 15, in particular Target 15.7. In the years to come, UNODC aims at providing support to countries to reach SDG 14 and SDG 15 in reducing organized wildlife and forest crime through concrete measurable evidence-based interventions. UNODC is part of the International Consortium on Combatting Wildlife Crime (ICCWC), consisting of five global entities working together to deliver multi-agency support to countries affected by the illegal trade in animals and plants.

UNODC engages in action against fisheries crime through its Global Maritime Crime Programme. Initial steps have been taken with the creation of a sub-group on illegal fishing to the UNODC established Indian Ocean Forum on Maritime Crime (IOFMC). The group facilitates coordination and cooperation among coastal state actors in tackling fisheries crime. The GMCP's focus is supporting Member States in securing legal frameworks, building capacity in law enforcement, prosecution and judiciary, as well as strengthening cooperation among states.