|CRIME||CORRUPTION||DRUG TRAFFICKING||DRUG USE||ICMP|
Corruption is a crime committed by officials (public or private) abusing of their role to procure gain for themselves or somebody else. Several forms of corruption exist: bribery, embezzlement, abuse of power, just to name a few.
UNODC adopts an evidence-based approach to quantify the extent and describe the patterns of corruption at country level.
Information on experience of corruption is gathered through sample surveys on different targets - general population, business sector, civil servants - following strict methodological standards.
Corruption and integrity challenges in the public sector of Iraq
Corruption in Afghanistan: recent patterns and trends - 2013
Corruption in Afghanistan: Bribery as reported by the victims
Business survey on corruption - Executive summary
Business, Corruption and Crime in the western Balkans: The impact of bribery and other crime on private enterprise (2013)
Business, Corruption and Crime in the western Balkans: key findings
Business, Corruption and Crime in Albania - English, Albanian
Business, Corruption and Crime in Bosnia and Herzegovina: - English, Bosnian
Business, Corruption and Crime in Croatia - English, Croatian
Business, Corruption and Crime in Kosovo - English, Serbian, Albanian
Business, Corruption and Crime in Serbia - English, Serbian
Business, Corruption and Crime in Montenegro - English, Montenegrin
Business, Corruption and Crime in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia:
Survey on Security and Crime against Businesses (Questionnaire)
Corruption in the western Balkans: bribery as experienced by the population
Corruption in Albania: bribery as experienced by the population
Corruption in Bosnia and Herzegovina: bribery as experienced by the population
Corruption in Croatia: bribery as experienced by the population - English, Croatian
Corruption in Kosovo: bribery as experienced by the population
Corruption in Montenegro: bribery as experienced by the population
Corruption in Serbia: bribery as experienced by the population - English, Serbian
Corruption in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia : bribery as experienced by the population - English, Macedonian
Quantitative approaches to assess and describe corruption and the role of UNODC in supporting countries in performing such assessments
Methodologies, including evidence-based approaches, for assessing areas of special vulnerability to corruption in the public and private sectors
PROACTIVE - Programme on Assessing Corruption Through Evidence-based methods
Building capacity to conduct surveys and studies to identify vulnerabilities to corruption and use information for better anti-corruption policies
While progress has been made in increasing awareness of corruption, as well as in developing effective policy-making for dealing with it, further efforts are needed to fight corruption. And, in marked contrast to measures taken in many other policy areas, corruption is often addressed without systemic knowledge of its patterns and modalities..
Differently from opinion-based methods, evidence-based approaches collect and analyze data on the experience of corruption to provide more solid and actionable information. Such approaches do not aim at scoring or ranking countries but rather to produce information for analysis, policy-development and monitor progress of anti-corruption strategies. Different typologies of studies exist and each of them target different groups: population, business sector, civil servants.