Tool 9.1 Principles of prevention
ADDRESSING ROOT CAUSES
Tool 9.2 Addressing the root causes of trafficking
Tool 9.3 Eliminating gender-based discrimination and promoting women's economic rights
Tool 9.4 Prevention of corruption
Tool 9.5 Citizenship and statelessness
Tool 9.6 Measures relating to travel and identity documents
Tool 9.7 Prevention checklists
Tool 9.8 Awareness-raising measures
Tool 9.9 Awareness-raising campaign checklist
Tool 9.10 Designing a communication strategy
Tool 9.11 Rapid response: prevention during emergencies
Tool 9.12 Defining the concept of demand
Tool 9.13 Commercial sexual exploitation of children
Tool 9.14 Proactive prevention strategies: targeting traffickers
Tool 9.15 Use of standardized data collection instruments
Tool 9.16 The role of the media in preventing trafficking
Tool 9.17 Conduct of peacekeepers and other law enforcement personnel
Tool 9.18 Training for peacekeepers and other law enforcement personnel
Tool 9.19 Trafficking in persons for organ removal
Effective action to prevent and combat trafficking in persons requires a comprehensive international approach, including measures to prevent such trafficking, to protect victims of such trafficking and to prosecute traffickers. To prevent human trafficking effectively, the Trafficking in Persons Protocol requires States to endeavour to undertake measures such as social and economic initiatives, research and media campaigns targeting potential victims. This area of trafficking response calls for a wide range of actors (from legislators and law enforcers to the media and the public) to cooperate in designing and implementing creative initiatives.
The present chapter discusses principles of prevention ( Tool 9.1) and policies to address them. The root causes of trafficking ( Tool 9.2) are multifaceted. They range from gender-based discrimination and economic disempowerment ( Tool 9.3) to corruption ( Tool 9.4), issues of citizenship ( Tool 9.5) and safe mobility ( Tool 9.6). Checklists are offered to assist in developing strategies to address these issues ( Tool 9.7).
Raising awareness about trafficking is necessary to empower people to avoid falling prey to traffickers. Measures which can be taken to raise such awareness are discussed in Tool 9.8 and checklists to facilitate this process are offered in Tool 9.9. Effective awareness-raising requires a communication strategy to determine a clear message and ensure its clear delivery. A succinct guide to designing a communication strategy is offered in Tool 9.10.
In times of emergency, people are rendered more vulnerable to exploitation and rapid response is necessary to protect them from an influx of traffickers who are attracted to areas with displaced populations; Tool 9.11 offers examples of effective and efficient responses.
Demand is a complicated process which must also be addressed to reduce the corresponding supply of trafficked persons. The complexities of demand are discussed in Tool 9.12 and the specific demand created by sex tourism is addressed in Tool 9.13. Efforts which can discourage those who service demand are considered in Tool 9.14. Tool 9.15 discusses the use and importance of standardized data collection instruments in targeting prevention responses, and the special role and responsibility that the media have with respect to proactively preventing and not inadvertently facilitating trafficking is discussed in Tool 9.16.
The important role that peacekeepers and other international law enforcement personnel play by not being a part of the trafficking problem and also by contributing to its solution are discussed in Tool 9.17 and relevant training tools in that context are presented in Tool 9.18. The under-addressed issue of trafficking in persons for organ removal is flagged in Tool 9.19.
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