Online Edition - Toolkit to Combat Trafficking in Persons

Aims and purpose of the Toolkit

How to Use the Toolkit

Chapters of the Toolkit

Chapter 1 - International Legal Framework

Chapter 2 - Problem Assessment and Strategy Development

Chapter 3 - Legislative Framework

Chapter 4 - International Criminal Justice Cooperation

Chapter 5 - Law Enforcement and Prosecution

Chapter 6 - Victim Identification

Chapter 7 - Immigration Status of Victims and their return and reintegration

Chapter 8 - Victim Assistance

Chapter 9 - Prevention of Trafficking in Persons

Chapter 10 - Monitoring and Evaluation

Aims and purpose of the Toolkit

The overarching goals of this Toolkit are those of the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime. These goals are:

  • To prevent and combat trafficking
  • To protect and assist its victims
  • To promote international cooperation

In pursuit of these goals, the Toolkit seeks to facilitate the sharing of knowledge and information among policymakers, law enforcers, judges, prosecutors, victim service providers and members of civil society who are working at different levels towards these same objectives.

Specifically, the Toolkit is intended to provide guidance, showcase promising practice and recommend resources in thematic areas.

This online version of the Toolkit allows you to download and print individual Tools.

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How to use the Toolkit

Ultimately, this Toolkit is intended to be used in any way it will assist your work against trafficking.

The Toolkit has been structured to serve a twofold purpose:

  • In its entirety, the Toolkit provides an overview of the immense and multifaceted task of combating trafficking in persons;
  • In its stand-alone chapters, the Toolkit provides guidance on specific aspects of the trafficking response.

Each chapter has been structured so that it can be consulted independently of the others; users who have an interest in a particular aspect of trafficking can refer only to the chapters - or the tools - which are of interest to them. Cross references have been provided throughout the Toolkit to direct users to other tools they may find relevant.

Where possible, websites are indicated where users can either consult the complete text of a document referred to, or find further information on a given topic. Users who do not have access to the Internet are encouraged to contact either UNODC or the organization referenced to arrange to receive a hard copy of the relevant resource.

Annex 1 contains an overview of the tools provided in the Toolkit.

Annex 2 contains the text of the Trafficking in Persons Protocol, with cross references to tools relevant to its various provisions.

Annex 3 contains a feedback form, which we hope you will use to assist us in strengthening the next edition of this Toolkit, in the same spirit of cooperation which has guided the process of designing and compiling this resource.

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Chapters of the Toolkit

1. International legal framework

Tool 1.1 Definition of trafficking

Tool 1.2 Distinguishing between trafficking in persons and smuggling of migrants

Tool 1.3 The issue of consent

Tool 1.4 Introduction to international instruments against transnational organized crime

Tool 1.5 Implementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and the Protocols thereto

Tool 1.6 Ratification of the Trafficking in Persons Protocol

Tool 1.7 Other relevant international instruments

Tool 1.8 Regional instruments

More on Chapter 1 - International Legal Framework

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2. Problem assessment and strategy development

Tool 2.1 General guidelines for conducting assessments

Tool 2.2 Assessment of the national situation

Tool 2.3 Assessment of the national response

Tool 2.4 Assessment of the legal framework

Tool 2.5 Assessment of the criminal justice system

Tool 2.6 Guiding principles in developing responses to trafficking in persons

Tool 2.7 National action plans and strategies

Tool 2.8 National anti-trafficking rapporteurs

Tool 2.9 Regional action plans and strategies

Tool 2.10 Interregional action plans and strategies

Tool 2.11 An international initiative

Tool 2.12 Developing a multi-agency approach to intervention

Tool 2.13 Developing inter-agency coordination mechanisms

Tool 2.14 Capacity-building and training

More on Chapter 2 - Problem assessment and strategy development

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3. Legislative framework

Tool 3.1 The need for anti-trafficking legislation

Tool 3.2 Criminalization of the offence of trafficking

Tool 3.3 Other offences related to trafficking in persons

Tool 3.4 Liability of legal persons

Tool 3.5 Criminalizing the laundering of proceeds of trafficking in persons

Tool 3.6 Human rights and anti-trafficking legislation

More on Chapter 3 - Legislative Framework

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4. International Criminal Justice Cooperation

Tool 4.1 Overview of mechanisms of criminal justice cooperation under the Organized Crime Convention

Tool 4.2 Extradition

Tool 4.3 Extradition checklist

Tool 4.4 Mutual legal assistance

Tool 4.5 Mutual legal assistance checklist

Tool 4.6 International cooperation for the purposes of confiscation

Tool 4.7 International law enforcement cooperation

Tool 4.8 Article 27 of the Organized Crime Convention, on law enforcement cooperation

Tool 4.9 Bilateral and multilateral cooperation agreements or arrangements

Tool 4.10 Promising cooperative practice

More on Chapter 4 - International Criminal Justice Cooperation

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5. Law enforcement and prosecution

Tool 5.1 Overview of challenges in investigating human trafficking

Tool 5.2 Snapshot of investigative methodologies

Tool 5.3 Reactive investigation

Tool 5.4 Proactive investigation

Tool 5.5 Disruptive investigation

Tool 5.6 Parallel financial investigation

Tool 5.7 Seizure of assets and confiscation of proceeds of crime

Tool 5.8 Special investigative techniques

Tool 5.9 Crime scene investigations

Tool 5.10 Joint investigation teams

Tool 5.11 Border control measures

Tool 5.12 Intelligence gathering and exchange

Tool 5.13 Prosecution of traffickers

Tool 5.14 Seeking the collaboration of offenders

Tool 5.15 Guidelines on human rights and human trafficking in the context of law enforcement

Tool 5.16 Protecting victims during investigations

Tool 5.17 Witness protection

Tool 5.18 Witness protection during and after the prosecution and trial

Tool 5.19 Special considerations relating to the protection of child witnesses

Tool 5.20 Training tools for law enforcement offices and the judiciary

More on Chapter 5 - Law Enforcement and Cooperation

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6. Victim identification

Tool 6.1 Non-criminalization of trafficking victims

Tool 6.2 Considerations before identification

Tool 6.3 Guidelines on victim identification

Tool 6.4 Indicators of trafficking

Tool 6.5 Initial interview

Tool 6.6 Screening interview form of the International Organization for Migration for the identification of victims of trafficking

Tool 6.7 Checklists to facilitate victim identification

Tool 6.8 Health-care providers' tool for identifying victims

Tool 6.9 Interviewing tips for health-care practitioners

Tool 6.10 Law enforcement tool for victim identification

Tool 6.11 Interviewing tips for law enforcers

Tool 6.12 Ethical and safe interviewing conduct

Tool 6.13 Victim certification

Tool 6.14 Training material

More on Chapter 6 - Victim Identification

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7. Immigration status of victims and their return and reintegration

Tool 7.1 Reflection period

Tool 7.2 Temporary or permanent residence permit

Tool 7.3 Understanding the challenges for returnee victims of trafficking

Tool 7.4 Obligations of States

Tool 7.5 Human rights considerations with respect to the return and reintegration of victims

Tool 7.6 Victims facing deportation

Tool 7.7 Mechanisms for the safe return and reintegration of victims

Tool 7.8 The return and reintegration process

Tool 7.9 Protecting refugee victims of trafficking

Tool 7.10 Return and reintegration of children

More on Chapter 7 - Immigration status of victims and their return and repatriation

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8. Victim assistance

Tool 8.1 Obligations of States

Tool 8.2 Obligations of States to child victims

Tool 8.3 Protection, assistance and human rights

Tool 8.4 Language and translation assistance

Tool 8.5 Medical assistance

Tool 8.6 Psychological assistance

Tool 8.7 Material assistance

Tool 8.8 Shelter programmes

Tool 8.9 Rehabilitation, skills training and education

Tool 8.10 Promising examples of integrated services

Tool 8.11 Overview of HIV/AIDS

Tool 8.12 Responses to the vulnerability to HIV/AIDS of victims of trafficking in persons

Tool 8.13 HIV guidelines for law enforcers, prosecutors and judges

Tool 8.14 Testing and counselling for HIV/AIDS among people vulnerable to trafficking in persons

Tool 8.15 HIV referral model for people vulnerable to trafficking in persons

Tool 8.16 Access to information and legal representation

Tool 8.17 Restitution and compensation for victims

More on Chapter 8 - Victim Assistance

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9. Prevention of trafficking in persons

Tool 9.1 Principles of prevention

Tool 9.2 Addressing the root causes of trafficking

Tool 9.3 Eliminating gender-based discrimination and promoting women's economic rights

Tool 9.4 Prevention of corruption

Tool 9.5 Citizenship and statelessness

Tool 9.6 Measures relating to travel and identity documents

Tool 9.7 Prevention checklists

Tool 9.8 Awareness-raising measures

Tool 9.9 Awareness-raising campaign checklist

Tool 9.10 Designing a communication strategy

Tool 9.11 Rapid response: prevention during emergencies

Tool 9.12 Defining the concept of demand

Tool 9.13 Commercial sexual exploitation of children

Tool 9.14 Proactive prevention strategies: targeting traffickers

Tool 9.15 Use of standardized data collection instruments

Tool 9.16 The role of the media in preventing trafficking

Tool 9.17 Conduct of peacekeepers and other law enforcement personnel

Tool 9.18 Training for peacekeepers and other law enforcement personnel

Tool 9.19 Trafficking in persons for organ removal

More on Chapter 9 - Prevention of Trafficking in Persons

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10. Monitoring and evaluation

Tool 10.1 Overview of monitoring and evaluation

Tool 10.2 Monitoring and evaluation in the project cycle

Tool 10.3 Logical framework

Tool 10.4 How to plan and conduct an evaluation

Tool 10.5 Monitoring and evaluation of projects relating to trafficking in persons

More on Chapter 10 - Monitoring and Evaluation

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