Adopted at the conclusion of the 13th United Nations Congress on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, the Doha Declaration highlights the importance of supporting measures to support the rehabilitation and social reintegration of prisoners into the community.
Within the framework of the Global Programme for the Implementation of the Doha Declaration and its pillar on fair, humane and effective criminal justice systems, UNODC supports Member States in establishing a more rehabilitative approach to prison management.
Investments into corresponding programmes for prisoners are one of the best and most cost-effective ways of preventing their re-offending, with significant benefits not only for the individuals concerned, but also for public safety more broadly.
Supporting rehabilitation programmes in prisons
UNODC will assist Member States in breaking the cycle of re-offending by providing prison administrations with technical guidance on how to initiate and/or enhance rehabilitation programmes, in close coordination with other (non-)governmental stakeholders, including civil society and the private sector. Care will be taken to carefully base all guidance and advisory services on the United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners (the Nelson Mandela Rules) - UNODC's "normative compass" in this regard.
The above development of guidance material will, in a second step, be complemented by UNODC delivering concrete technical assistance to selected Member States around the world to support the implementation of new or enhanced prison-based rehabilitation programmes. Sound planning, including the proposed programme's responsiveness to local needs, human rights compliance as well as sustainability will provide key selection criteria for such support, which will focus on education, vocational training and work programmes for prisoners.
In order to support associated prison policies, UNODC will further develop a standardized electronic prisoner file management system - a software which will enable national prison administration to generate, store and analyze reliable data about their prison population. This is not only a precondition for tailoring rehabilitation programmes to actual needs among prisoners, but also a crucial instrument to ensure transparency and accountability in prison settings.
Launching a self-sustainable global brand of prison products
In a third step, UNODC will consider the initiation of a self-sustainable global brand of prison products - 'A New Chance' - which will be geared towards generating income for prisoners; increasing prisoners' self-esteem, qualifications, and employability upon release; as well as, more generally, towards raising awareness in the general public that prisoners are a continuous part of society. The feasibility of doing so will be assessed in the context of a corresponding study, which will analyze, in detail, requirements in terms of safeguards to preserve prisoners' rights, and on requirements related to marketing and the organizational set-up of such a brand.
In its commitment to advancing the rule of law, UNODC has been working on the rehabilitation of prisoners, and reducing the possibility of recidivism by investing in their future and changing their outlook on life. In penitentiary facilities around the globe, programmes to rehabilitate detainees, rather than merely punish them, are being implemented with the guidance and direct support of the organization. Such programmes, including training in a variety of sectors such as crafts, construction and fashion positively affect prisoners' behaviour and attitude, giving them a purpose as they serve time. They also impart viable skills and qualifications for them to apply outside of jail. One such programme has outdone even its initial expectations, not only rehabilitating female prisoners in Panama, but also turning their work into sellable, and potentially profitable products.
Two years after it was launched and half-way into its projected life span, the Global Programme for the Implementation of the Doha Declaration has already scored successes in several fields of activity and benefited people in numerous countries around the world. With far-reaching initiatives having already been launched to great acclaim, the Global Programme has covered a variety of disciplines and established thematic components falling under UNODC's mandate.
Today, over 14,000 stakeholders in more than 180 countries have been directly reached by the Global Programme. 23 countries have received direct, targeted technical assistance and over 5,400 stakeholders from 167 countries have been assisted in capacity building.
In this podcast, we talk to Derrick who spent six years in prison in Zambia before being acquitted. We spoke about life in prison and his decision to open up a Prisoner Reintegration and Empowerment Organization, which - supported by UNODC's Doha Declaration Global Programme - helps former prisoners start a new life.
Work-related activities within prisons play a critical role for both prisoners and society. Rehabilitation provides prisoners an opportunity to develop skills, increase post-release employability and contribute to families and society.
UNODC's work supports this and we're looking to build a global brand of prison products to further boost rehabilitation efforts. Recently prison practitioners from Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, EL Salvador, Panama, Paraguay, Peru and Uruguay gathered to discuss this issue, bringing with them a vast selection of items from their countries.