UNODC Country Programme (2011-2014)
Sub-Programme 3: Crime, Justice and Corruption
Sub-programme 3 of the Country Programme focuses on crime, justice and corruption, working towards the achievement of the following outcomes/outputs:
The aim of Sub-programme 3 is to enhance national capacities to tackle transnational organized crime, money laundering and corruption through the promotion of international standards and the facilitation of bilateral, regional and international exchange. Legislative, regulatory and institutional capacity building is being delivered in the areas related to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (UNTOC), particularly on Anti-Money Laundering (AML), terrorism financing and Mutual Legal Assistance (MLA). In this respect, regional and international cooperation is facilitated and promoted through a UNODC initiative known as FIU to FIU programme, facilitating dialogue between the Iranian Financial Intelligence Unit and its counterparts in other countries. Sub-programme 3 will also facilitate a structured dialogue on criminal justice matters between the judicial authorities of the Islamic Republic of Iran and other countries. National efforts to establish an integrity-based, accountable and effective anti-corruption regime in line with the United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) are supported through technical cooperation in the areas of legislation, as well as capacity and institution building. Finally, an innovative initiative has been launched by UNODC in collaboration with national partners and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) with the objective of enhancing national capacities in countering trafficking in cultural properties, art and antiquities in line with UNTOC.
Major Achievements of Sub-Programme 3 in 2011- 2013:
- With UNODC's continued operational support and technical cooperation tailored for the national counterparts, the Iranian authorities have taken considerable steps forward in their fight against organized crime:
- The issue of the ratification of UNTOC and its Protocols is on the agenda of the Bill Commission of the Cabinet for consideration. UNODC has been advocating the ratification of UNTOC and its additional Protocols through trainings contributing to national legislative and institutional capacity-building. Trainings and briefings are regularly held for the relevant experts and practitioners to increase the level of their knowledge of the role and the significance of the Convention and its legal tools in fighting transnational organized crime.
- The Bills on Countering Financing of Terrorism (CFT) and the Criminal Rules of Procedures (including witness and victim protection) were introduced by Parliament in 2012.
- National capacities in the areas of AML and CFT were improved through cooperation between Iran's Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU) and its counterparts in a number of countries under the FIU to FIU Programme, launched by UNODC Iran in 2011.
- In the area of anti-corruption measures, UNODC has been supporting national efforts to establish an accountable and effective anti-corruption regime, in line with UNCAC :
- Under the Mechanism for the Review of Implementation of UNCAC , UNODC Iran provided technical support in 2012 to the relevant authorities in their review of the Self-Assessment of Bangladesh, and for the submission of Iran's own Self-Assessment for Chapters 3 and 4 of the Convention. UNODC Iran also played an active role in facilitating the Country Visit to I.R. Iran by experts from Indonesia and Belarus, as well as UNODC Secretariat staff, conducted under the Review Mechanism. 17 national offices were visited and over 50 senior authorities were met during the visit, which took place from 20 to 24 May 2013. Iran will draft a national plan of action based on the final report and identification of needs.
- National legislation was enacted in line with UNCAC in 2012, e.g. the bylaws on Promotion of Admin. Integrity and Combating Corruption, International Cooperation, and the Revised Islamic Penal Code.
- In 2011, UNODC launched an innovative initiative to support the Islamic Republic of Iran in countering trafficking in cultural property, art and antiquities and protecting its cultural heritage, in close collaboration with UNESCO.
- A national Expert Task Force was established in 2012, with UNODC Iran as one of the members, and has since set the national priorities in the 3 main areas of Regulations, Advocacy and Law-Enforcement.
-The Task Force has also initiated the Culture to Culture (CTC) programme, with UNODC support, to strengthen bilateral and multilateral cooperation in the field of cultural property.
- UNODC has been organizing activities with the purpose of empowering the key stakeholders involved in countering cultural property trafficking through facilitating exposure to relevant best practices worldwide, and providing opportunities for strengthening international cooperation in the area of cultural property. Some recent examples (July 2013) are a workshop on the Registration and Recovery of Cultural Property, with the participation of experts from Iran, Italy and Turkey, and a seminar for students of the Iranian Police Academy to expose them to best international in cultural property protection, with the participation of experts from the Italian Special Police Force for Protection of Cultural Property (Carabinieri).
- UNODC Iran has been enhancing regional collaboration on legal matters, particularly on illicit money flows, and contributing to the implementation of the Regional Programme for Afghanistan and Neighbouring Countries. The Country Office has been lending its support to the organization of regional/sub-regional events and to the engagement and active participation by the Iranian authorities in the relevant regional initiatives and fora. Some key examples include:
- The Regional FIU to FIU Meetings among the West and Central Asian Countries, the most recent of which was the Seventh Regional FIU to FIU Meeting, held in Tehran in July 2013.
- The Regional Computer-Based Trainings (CBT) on AML/CFT, the most recent of which was the Third Regional CBT, held in Tehran in July 2013.
- The Triangular Meetings among the FIUs of Afghanistan, Iran and Pakistan, the most recent of which was the Fifth Triangular Meeting, held in Tehran in July 2013.
- The Regional Workshop on International and Regional Cooperation to Combat Cybercrime, which was held in Tehran in August 2013.
- The Regional Workshop on International Cooperation in Criminal Matters, which was held in Vienna in May 2012.
- The Regional Workshop on International Cooperation in Asset Recovery for the Countries in West and Central Asia, which was held in Tehran in October 2012 and organized by the Regional Programme in partnership with the Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO).
- The First Meeting of the General Prosecutors/Attorney Generals of the West and Central Asia countries, which was held in Vienna in December 2012 in the framework of the Regional Programme.