Crime, Justice and Corruption
Like many other countries, the Islamic Republic of Iran is suffering from the activities of transnational and domestic organized crime. Its Government acknowledges that it faces several challenges ranging from organized crime -particularly related to drug trafficking- to money laundering and corruption.
The United Nations Convention on Transnational Organized Crime (UNTOC) and its protocols provide a range of tools to update domestic criminal legislation on organized crime and facilitate international cooperation and mutual legal assistance amongst different jurisdictions. UNODC is assisting the Islamic Republic of Iran in the process of ratification and enactment of UNTOC through legislative, regulative and institutional capacity building.
The Islamic Republic of Iran ratified the United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) in April 2009. The implementation of UNCAC in Iran will be reviewed in 2011 by two state members appointed to the task. UNODC will support national efforts to enact UNCAC as part of the new programme of technical cooperation with the Islamic Republic of Iran.
A coordinated approach at the national and international level is necessary to tackle drug trafficking and other criminal activities such as money laundering and corruption. Judicial cooperation and mutual legal assistance are other key means for conducting effective campaigns against organized crime. Effective crime prevention requires better coordination amongst concerned institutions, ministries and law enforcement bodies.