Published in July 2018.
This module is a resource for lecturers
- Buzan, Barry, Ole Wæver and Jaap de Wilde (1998). Security: A New Framework for Analysis. Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers.
- Marke, Daphne (2007). Will Africa Ever Be Able to Replicate Successful Economies? Standard Times Press.
- Crenshaw, Martha (1988). "The Subjective Reality of the Terrorist: Ideological and Psychological Factors in Terrorism." In Robert O. Slater and Michael Stohl eds. Current Perspectives on International Terrorism. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
- Prost, Kimberly (2012). "Fair Process and the Security Council: A Case for the Office of the Ombudsperson." In Ana-María Salinas de Frías, Katja Samuel and Nigel White eds. Counter-Terrorism: International Law and Practice. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- Silke, Andrew (2003). "Becoming a Terrorist." In Andrew Silke ed. Terrorist, Victims and Society: Psychological Perspectives on Terrorism and its Consequences. Great Britain: John Wiley and Sons Ltd.
- Inter-American Convention against Terrorism . AG/RES. 1840 (XXXII-O/02). 3 June 2002.
- Russian Federation, Federal Law No. 114 FZ on Countering Extremist Activity. (2002).
Journal / online articles
- (2017). " New York truck attack: Suspect 'inspired by Islamic State'." BBC News, 1 November.
- (2018). " Las Vegas Shooting: gunman was on losing streak and 'germophobic', police say." The Guardian, 21 January.
- Almuttaqi, A. Ibrahim (2015). " The Islamic State and the Rise of Violent Extremism in Southeast Asia." ASEAN Studies Program, July.
- Article 19 (2015). Kyrgyzstan: Law on Countering Extremist Activity - Legal Analysis . London: Free Word Centre.
- Aziz, Sahar F. (2017). " Losing the 'War of Ideas': A Critique of Countering Violent Extremism Programs." Texas A&M University School of Law Legal Studies, Research Paper No. 17-22.
- Bajekal, Naina (2014). " The Rise of the Lone Wolf Terrorist." TIME, 23 October.
- Bonner, David (2015). " United Kingdom: The United Kingdom response to terrorism." Terrorism and Political Violence, vol. 4, issue 4, pp. 171-205.
- Botha, Anneli (2015). " Radicalisation to Terrorism in Kenya and Uganda: a Political Socialisation Perspective." Perspectives on Terrorism, vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 2-14.
- Chingle, Isaac Peter, Mary Jonathan Mancha and Theophilus Gukas (2015). " Effect of Conflict on the Socio-Economic Development in Nigeria." Approaches in International Journal of Research Development, vol. 10, no. 1.
- Dixon, Jeffrey (2009). " What causes civil wars? Integrating quantitative research findings. " International Studies Review, vol. 11, issue 4, pp. 707-35.
- Downey, George (2015). " Scott Atran on Youth, Violent Extremism and Promoting Peace." PLOS BLOGS, ARTIS Research and Risk Modeling.
- Fowler, Jeffrey T. (2016). " Al-Qaeda, Hezbollah and Hamas all Active in South America." In Homeland Security, 21 October.
- Gries, Thomas, Tim Krieger and Daniel Meirrieks (2011). " Causal Linkages between Domestic Terrorism and Economic Growth." Defence and Peace Economics, vol.22, issue 5, pp. 493-508.
- Heydemann, Steven (2014). " Countering Violent Extremism as a Field of Practice." United States Institute of Peace Insights, issue 1.
- Ikejiaku, Brian-Vincent (2009). " The Relationship between Poverty, Conflict and Development." Journal of Sustainable Development, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 15-28.
- Institute for Security Studies (ISS) (2017). " New Candidates vie for positions on the PSC." 20 December.
- Khan, Humera (2015). " Why Countering Extremism Fails: Washington's Top-Down Approach to Prevention Is Flawed." Foreign Affairs, 18 February.
- Liow, Joseph Chinyong (2018). " Shifting Sands of Terrorism." RSIS Commentary,No. 025- 15 February.
- Maclean, Ruth (2018). " Nigeria schoolgirls feared missing after Boko Haram attack." The Guardian, 22 February.
- McCants, William and Clint Watts (2012). " U.S. Strategy for Countering Violent Extremism: An Assessment." Foreign Policy Research Institute E-Notes, December.
- McCauley, Clark and Sophia Moskalenko (2008). " Mechanism of Political Radicalization: Pathways Toward Terrorism." Terrorism and Political Violence, vol. 20, issue 3, pp. 415-433.
- McPherson, Poppy (2016). " 'No Muslims allowed': how nationalism is rising in Aung San Suu Kyi's Myanmar." The Guardian, 23 May.
- Nasser-Eddine, Minerva, Katerina Agostino, Gilbert Caluya, and Bridget Garnham (2011). " Countering Violent Extremism (CVE) Literature Review." Department of Defense of Australia, Counter Terrorism and Security Technology Centre, Defence Science and Technology Organisation. March.
- Ramdeen, Marisha (2017). " Countering Terrorism and Violent Extremism in Africa." African Centre for the Constructive Resolution of Disputes (ACCORD). 21 July.
- Romaniuk, Peter (2015). " Does CVE Work? Lessons Learned from the Global Effort to Counter Violent Extremism." Global Center on Cooperative Security, September.
- Rose, George and Diana Nestorovska (2005). " Towards and ASEAN Counter-Terrorism Treaty." Singapore Year Book of International Law, vol. 9, pp. 157-189.
- Sandler, Todd and Walter Enders (2004). " An Economic Perspective on Transnational Terrorism." European Journal of Political Economy, vol. 20, issue 2, pp. 301-316.
- Security Council Counter Terrorism Committee (2017). " The United Nations Counter-Terrorism Committee Executive Directorate (CTED) welcomes major private sector initiative to counter terrorism online." 26 June.
- Steinmayr, Andreas (2017). " Did the Refugee Crisis Contribute to the Recent Rise of Far-Right Parties in Europe?" DICE Report, vol. 15, pp. 24-27.
- Tan, See Seng and Hitoshi Nasu (2016). " ASEAN and the Development of Counter-Terrorism Law and Policy in Southeast Asia." UNSW Law Journal, vol. 39, issue 3, pp. 1219-1238.
- United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), Global Education First Initiative. " Can Education Prevent Violent Extremism?"
- Wentling, M. (2002). "My 30 Years in Africa: still searching for answers" . American Foreign Services Association (AFSA).
Reports, declarations and strategies
- African Union. Peace and Security Council (PSC) . (Last accessed 8 May 2018).
- African Union, Peace and Security Council.
- " Communique of the 650 th meeting of the PSC: Briefing by CISSA on the recent international developments in the fight against terrorism and its impact in Africa." Last updated 2 February 2017.
- " The 728 th meeting of the AU Peace and Security Council: open session on the theme: 'the role of women in preventing and countering violent extremism in Africa'." Last updated 21 November 2017.
- " Communique of the 749 th meeting of the AU Peace and Security Council, at the level of Heads of State and Government, on the theme: 'Towards a Comprehensive Approach to Combatting the Transnational Threat of Terrorism in Africa'." Last updated 14 February 2018.
- Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) (2017). Joint Declaration of the ASEAN Defence Ministers on Partnering for Change, Engaging the World . October 23.
- The Astana declaration of the Heads of State of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation. 9 June 2017.
Bangladesh Peace Observatory Peace Reports.
- (2017). Vol. 1, issue 3, September-October.
- Belgium Federal Public Service-Justice (2015). Action Plan against Radicalization in Prisons . March.
- Counter-Terrorism Committee Executive Directorate (CTED), International Centre for Counter-Terrorism - The Hague (2015). " Workshop Report - National Workshop on Effective Implementation of Security Council Resolution 1624 (2005 and 2178 (2014)." Tunisia, 3-4 November.
- Counter Extremism Project. Tunisia: Extremism & Counter-Extremism .
- European Police Office (EUROPOL) (2016). " Changes in modus operandi of Islamic State terrorist attacks." The Hague, 18 January.
- European Union, European Commission
- (2015). Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions: The European Agenda on Security . 28 April. Strasbourg. COM (2015) 185 final.
- (2016). Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions: supporting the prevention of radicalisation leading to violent extremism . 14 June. COM(2016) 379 final.
- European Union, European Council (2005). The European Union Counter Terrorism Strategy . 30 November.
- European Union, European Parliament and Council (2010). Directive 2010/13/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 10 March 2010 on the coordination of certain provisions laid down by law, regulation or administrative action in Member States concerning the provision of audiovisual media services . L 95/1.
- Frank, Cheryl and Denys Reva (2016). " Preventing Violent extremism: South Africa's place in the world." Institute for Security Studies, Policy Brief. 95.
- Kundnani, Arun (2015). A Decade Lost: Rethinking Extremism and Radicalisation. London: Claystone.
- Global Counterterrorism Forum (GCTF).
- Foreign Terrorist Fighters (FTF) Initiative: The Hague-Marrakech Memorandum on Good Practices for a More Effective Response to the FTF Phenomenon . (Last accessed 7 May 2018).
- Initiative to Address the Life Cycle of Radicalisation to Violence: addendum to The Hague-Marrakech Memorandum on Good Practices for a More Effective Response to the FTF Phenomenon, with a focus on Returning FTFs . (Last accessed 7 May 2018).
- Government of Belgium, Direction générale sécurité et prévention (2015). " Définitions: radicalisation violente."
- Inter-American Committee Against Terrorism (CICTE)
- (2008). Declaration: Reaffirmation of the Hemispheric Commitment To Fighting Terrorism (Adopted at the Fifth Plenary Session held on March 7, 2008). 7 March. OEA/Ser.L/X.2.8.
- (2011). Declaration of Renewed Hemispheric Commitment to Enhance Cooperation to Prevent, Combat and Eliminate Terrorism (Adopted at the Third Plenary Session held on 17 March, 2011) . 21 March. OEA/Ser.L/X.2.11. CICTE/DEC.1/11.
- Islamic Summit Conference, Istanbul Summit (2016). 13th Session of the Islamic Summit Conference, Istanbul Declaration on Unity and Solidarity for Justice and Peace . 14-15 April. OIC/SYM-13/2016/Declaration.
- Islamic Conference Forum for Dialogue and Cooperation, Islamic Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (2016). Joint OIC Youth Strategy . DRAFT. ICYF-DC/ICYSM-3/2016/01/Rev.1.
- League of Arab States (LAS) (2015). " Report by the League of Arab States: conference on 'Regional Security and Challenges Facing the Arab Region', February 2015."
- Nanes, Matthew and Bryony Lau (2018). " Surveys and Countering Violent Extremism: A Practitioner Guide." The Asia Foundation and Australian Government Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade.
- National Counter Terrorism Agency (2014). Blueprint for Prevention of Terrorism, Number: PER.04, K.BNPT. 12/2014.
- Neumann, Peter
- (2011). " Preventing Violent Radicalization in America." Bipartisan Policy Center National Security Preparedness Group, Washington, D.C., June.
- (2017). " Countering Violent Extremism and Radicalisation that Lead to Terrorism: Ideals, Recommendations, and Good Practices from the OSCE Region." Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), 28 September.
- Organisation for Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
- (2006). The First Ministerial Conference on Women's Role in the Development of OIC Member States . 20-21 November. Istanbul, Republic of Turkey.
- (2016). Plan of Action for the Advancement of Women (OPAAW). Adopted by the Sixth Session of the Ministerial Conference on the Role of Women in the Development of OIC Member States. 1-3 November. Istanbul, Republic of Turkey.
- OIC, Council of Foreign Ministers (2017). Report of the 44th Session of the Council of Foreign Ministers (Session on Youth, Peace and Development in a World of Solidarity). 10-11July. Abidjan, Republic of Cote d'Ivoire. OIC/44-CFM/2017/REPORT/FINAL.
- OSCE, Permanent Council (2012). Decision No. 1063: OSCE Consolidated Framework in the Fight against Terrorism . 7 December.PC.DEC/1063.
- OSCE, Ministerial Council
- (2015). Ministerial Council Declaration on Preventing and Countering Violent Extremism and Radicalization Leading to Terrorism . 4 December.MC.DOC/4/15.
- (2016). Ministerial Declaration on Strengthening OSCE Efforts to Prevent and Counter Terrorism . 9 December . MC.DOC/1/16.
- Speckhard, Anne, Ardian Shajkovci, and Chinara Esengul (2017). " Analysis of the Drivers of Radicalisation and Violent Extremism in Kyrgyzstan, including the Roles of Kyrgyz Women in Supporting, Joining, Intervening in, and Preventing Extremism in Kyrgyzstan." International Center for the Study of Violent Extremism. 4 August.
- True, Jacqui and Sri Eddyono (2017). " Preventing Violent Extremism: Gender Perspectives and Women's Role, Final Report." Monash Centre for Gender, Peace and Security.
- United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
- (2016). Preventing Violent Extremism through Promoting Inclusive Development, Tolerance and Respect for Diversity: a development response to addressing radicalization and violent extremism . New York: UNDP.
- (2017). Journey to Extremism in Africa: Drivers, Incentives and the Tipping Point for Recruitment . New York: UNDP.
- US Department of State and United States Agency for International Development (USAID) (2016). Joint Strategy on Countering Violent Extremism . May.
- USAID (2009). Guide to the Drivers of Violent Extremism . February.
- World Bank Middle East and North Africa Region, MENA Economic Monitor (2016). Economic and Social Inclusion to Prevent Violent Extremism . October.
- United Kingdom Home Office (2015). " A stronger Britain, built on our values." Speech of the Home Secretary.
United Nations materials
- United Nations, Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (2002). CERD General Recommendation XXX on Discrimination Against Non Citizens . 1 October.
- United Nations, General Assembly
- (2006). The United Nations Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy . 20 September. A/RES/60/288.
- (2015(a)). Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development . 21 October. 2015. A/RES/70/1.
- (2015(b)). A world against violence and violent extremism, General Assembly Resolution 70/109 . 17 December. A/RES/70/109.
- (2015(c)). Plan of Action to Prevent Violent Extremism: Report of the Secretary-General . 24 December. A/70/674.
- (2015(d)). Plan of Action to Prevent Violent Extremism, The United Nations Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy . 24 December. A/70/2015.
- (2017). Special measures for protection from sexual exploitation and abuse: a new approach: Report of the Secretary-General . 28 February. A/71/818.
- United Nations, General Assembly, Human Rights Council
- (2016(a)). Report on best practices and lessons learned on how protecting and promoting human rights contribute to preventing and countering violent extremism: Report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights . 21 July. A/HRC/33/29.
- (2016(b)). Report of the Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism . 29 April. A/HRC/31/65.
- United Nations Office of Counter-Terrorism, Counter-Terrorism Implementation Task Force (CTITF) (2016). " FAQ - Geneva Conference on Preventing Violent Extremism: Geneva Conference on Preventing Violent Extremism - The Way Forward."Geneva, 7 and 8 April.
- United Nations Office of Counter-Terrorism (2017). Enhancing the Understanding of the Foreign Terrorist Fighters Phenomenon in Syria. July.
- United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) (2016). Handbook on the Management of Violent Extremist Prisoners .Criminal Justice Handbook Series, Vienna.
- United Nations, Security Council (2004). The rule of law and transitional justice in conflict and post-conflict societies: Report of the Secretary-General . 23 August. S/2004/616.
- United Nations, Swiss Confederation (2016). " Geneva Conference on Preventing Violent Extremism - the way forward: Concept Note." 7- 8 April, Geneva, Switzerland.