Work with the Private Sector
The role of the private sector in the fight against corruption is regarded as crucial. At its third session, the Conference of the States Parties to the United Nations Convention against Corruption adopted resolution 3/2 on the prevention of corruption, underscoring the role that the private sector has to play in preventing and fighting corruption. In particular, the Conference mandated UNODC to collect and disseminate information on methodologies for assessing special vulnerabilities of areas in the private sector prone to corruption, and called upon States parties to promote the business community's engagement in the prevention of corruption. The Conference also encouraged States parties, representatives of private sector entities and relevant international organizations to consult and collaborate with each other in order to share best practices on the alignment of systems of public procurement with the requirements of article 9 of the Convention. Furthermore, in its resolution 3/4 on technical assistance, the Conference encouraged States and UNODC to continue to develop and promote coordinated partnerships, including between the public and private sectors, in order to leverage resources for advancing technical assistance efforts.
The Global Forum VI on Fighting Corruption and Safeguarding Integrity: "Strength in Unity: Public-Private Partnerships to Fight Corruption" took place in Qatar on 7 and 8 November 2009 and preceded the third session of the Conference of the States Parties. The Forum placed considerable emphasis on the contribution that the private sector can make to the fight against corruption, and explored how to forge alliances between the private sector and the donor community. The outcome of the Forum was brought to the attention of the Conference of the States Parties at its third session.
UNODC contributes actively to the implementation of the 10th principle of the United Nations Global Compact, which states that "Business should work against corruption in any form, including bribery and extortion". In particular, UNODC has provided input to: a guide to facilitate companies' reporting on the 10th principle; a tool to prevent and fight corruption along the supply chain; and a campaign waged by top business leaders in support of UNCAC. As the result of these undertakings, on 1 May 2009, chief executive officers from some of the world's leading companies threw their support behind the Convention and called on Governments to more effectively and robustly implement it. In their letter to Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, they also underlined the need for the establishment of an implementation review mechanism by the Conference at its third session. The Reporting Guidance on the 10th Principle against Corruption and the Guide to Fight Corruption in the Supply Chain are expected to be endorsed at the third Global Compact Leaders' Summit, due to take place in New York in June 2010.
UNODC and the United Nations Global Compact are developing an anti-corruption e-learning tool. The programme mediates knowledge of anti-corruption matters, in particular of UNCAC, and will contribute to capacity building and awareness raising efforts in support of the corporate community. The tool, expected to be launched at the third Global Compact Leaders' Summit, will be distributed to all United Nations Global Compact business participants and will be available free of charge from both organizations' websites.
A joint publication by UNODC and PricewaterhouseCoopers, entitled "Anti-Corruption Policies and Measures of the Fortune Global 500", was released in September 2009. The research work was carried out by PricewaterhouseCoopers as a pro-bono contribution to the anti-corruption work of the United Nations. The study provides an overview of the measures that companies listed in the 2008 Fortune Global 500 Index have adopted to combat economic crime and corruption. It serves as an inspirational tool for companies that wish to adopt and enforce effective anti-corruption policies but may not possess the necessary 'know-how', or wish to review and enhance their existing measures.
There is an on-going dialogue with Microsoft regarding a pro-bono contribution to the development of the technological infrastructure of the UNCAC Legal Library and Knowledge Management Consortium. UNODC also continue to consult with Transparency International and the International Chamber of Commerce on the alignment of their business principles to the fundamental principles enshrined in the United Nations Convention against Corruption.