In order to enhance the knowledge base available for Member States to develop effective international responses to firearms trafficking and related offences, and to facilitate their efforts to ratify and implement the Firearms Protocol, UNODC has produced a series of legal and technical tools and publications:

 


   
 

Brochure

English  )

 

 

   

 

UNODC Study on firearms 2015  

( English )

The Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime (COP-UNTOC), adopted at its 5th Session resolution 5/4 entitled "Illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, their parts and components and ammunition." In paragraph 7 of this resolution the Conference requested the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) "to conduct a study of the transnational nature of and routes used in trafficking in firearms, based on the analysis of information provided by States on confiscated weapons and ammunition."

To read more about the 2015 study please visit: http://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/firearms-protocol/global-firearms-trafficking-study.html
     

Country Fact Sheets

( English)

Summary data from country responses on firearms seizures and trafficking

 

 

 

 

   
 

Model Law Against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition, 2011

Arabic Chinese English French Russian Spanish )

The Model Law Against Illiict Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition was developed  in 2010 by UNODC in response to the request of the General Assembly to the Secretary-General to assist State Parties in strengthen their domestic legal framework in a manner consistent with the international legal regime on firearms. The Model Law represents a concrete help for policy and lawmakers to translate the treaty language of the Firearms Protocol into domestic legal provisions and help them in strengthening their legislative regimes on firearms in a manner consistent with the Firearms Protocol.

 

   

 

Ratification Kit - Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, their Parts and Components and Ammunition, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime

English )

The Ratification Kit was designed to assist interested States wishing to consider becoming ratify or accede to the Firearms Protocol, UNODC-GFP created a Ratification Kit to explain and facilitate the process of ratification of the Protocol. The purpose of the Kit is to explain and facilitate the process of ratification of the Protocol. This document provides an explanatory note on the main requirements and notification of obligations under the Protocol as well as alternative template formats of the ratification and deposit of the instruments.

   
 
   

Legislative Guide for the Implementation of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols Thereto.

( Arabic Chinese English French Russian Spanish )

 The purpose of this guide is to promote and assist States in their efforts to ratify and implement the Protocol. The Guide facilitates the understanding of the provisions that are mandatory, optional or only to some degree compulsory under the Convention and its Protocols thereto, and the elements of those provisions which are particularly essential to ratification and implementation efforts, and provides detailed and specialized advice on how to interpret. A dedicated part of the Guide is deserved for the Firearms Protocol.

   

   

Digest of Organized Crime Cases. A compilation of good practices and lessons learned.

( English, French, Spanish, Italian )

  On the occasion of the Tenth Anniversary of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (Organized Crime Convention), the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), the Italian and the Colombian Governments and INTERPOL decided to launch an initiative aimed at facilitating and assisting States in the implementation of the Convention and its Protocols, by providing them with a compilation of illustrative cases of organized crime, and related "good practices" in investigative and prosecutorial techniques, as well as in international cooperation in criminal matters.  The Digest presents a compilation of illustrative cases and related good practices in criminalization, investigations, prosecution and legal experiences in dealing with organized crime and its various forms and manifestations.

   

 

Technical Guide to implement the Protocol Against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition.

( English )

 

   
   

Comparative Analysis of Global Instruments on firearms and other Conventional Arms: Synergies for Implementation

  ( English, French

  This Paper reviews and analyses the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT), approved on 2 April 2013; the Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition (Firearms Protocol); the Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons (PoA), of 2001; and the International Instrument to Enable States to Identify and Trace, in a Timely and Reliable Manner, Illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons (International Tracing Instrument or ITI) of 2005 to identify synergies and complementarities between them, and to assist States parties to these instruments, or those considering accession to them, in implementing the relevant provisions at the national level.

   
   

The Firearms Protocol and the Arms Trade Treaty: Divergence or complementarity?

  ( English, French , Spanish

This Issue Paper is primarily meant for policymakers, legislators, and practitioners involved in preventing and countering the illicit manufacture of and trafficking in firearms, their parts and components and ammunition. It reviews the various links between the Firearms Protocol and the ATT. The Paper focuses on the nature and relationship between the two global instruments, with the aim of exploring the extent to which they are related, and complement each other.