Data of the Sixth United Nations Survey on Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice

Data of the Sixth United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (1995 - 1997) as entered into the United Nations Secretariat's database are available for download as of the following dates:

Caution: The process of data validation is still in progress.

Most Governments maintain a mechanism to record developments in criminal activity. However, as noted in the Global Report on Crime and Justice , "a country's open announcement in the international arena of the extent of its crime problem and its processing of offenders through the justice system is a major political event" (Newman, 1998: 8). The validity of data and the impression that it makes are often of great importance to Governments at the national and international levels. National statistics on crime are, therefore, often criticized for reflecting not trends in crime per se, but the activities of the agencies that record statistics on crime. As a result, official statistics on crime tend to under-report true crime figures, leaving gaps, particularly with regard to types of crime that are not conventional. In response to these concerns, many criminologists and government agencies have conducted self-report surveys and victimization surveys, claiming that these methods give a more accurate picture of criminal activity. Such methods, however, can be reductive. Household victimization surveys, for example, exclude information on corporate, white-collar, administrative and political crime. While the debate continues as to the merits of the various methods, a consensus has emerged that conclusions on the state of crime should be based on a set of indicators that can supplement each other. For example, the European Institute for Crime Prevention and Control, affiliated with the United Nations, recently published a report containing profiles of countries in Europe and North America. (Kangaspunta/HEUNI, 1999). The report combines police figures with victim survey results, as well as other data sources such as those of the World Health Organization. What has become clear is that police statistics often reflect trends apparent in the victim survey results, such as increases and decreases in criminal activity.

We would like to express our sincere thanks to Mr. Roy Walmsley, UK Home Office, Research, Development, and Statistics Directorate, for his analysis 1 and analysis 2 of the Prison data of the first release.

Release 3: 27 June 2001

Codebook: codebook.pdf

Section Comments: section_comments.pdf (322KB/91 pages)

Nonnumeric responses: nonnum_response.pdf (126KB/23 pages)

MS Excel pivot table: cs_survey 2001 06 27.xls (567KB); zipped (120KB)

Explanation: The pivot table contains the following elements:

  • Chapter: POLICE, PROSECUTION, COURTS and PRISONS.
  • Segment: gives the name of the segment, e.g.: "1. Police personnel and financial resources"
  • Question Number: Number given to a variable in the questionnaire
  • Variable label: Explicit description of a variable
  • Variable Group Code: leading part of the variable identifier
  • Variable Name: trailing part of the variable identifier
  • Country Code: three letter country code as used within ODCCP (not ISO3166_3 compatible)
  • Country name: Country name in English
  • Year: year (1995 - 1997)
  • Value (Sum): the numeric value entered per Country, Variable and Year
    Caution: when summing across dimensions with pivoting operations!

;-delimited ascii file: cs_2001 06 27.txt (3691KB); zipped (161KB)

Explanation:

  • Columns are separated by semicolons (;)
  • Text colums are enclosed in double quotes (")
  • The first line contains column names, these are:
  • "ChapterID": identifies the four chapters of the questionnaire: 6a, 6b, 6c, and 6d.
  • "Chapter": POLICE, PROSECUTION, COURTS and PRISONS.
  • "SegmentID": identifies the segments from 6a1 through 6d9
  • "Segment": gives the name of the segment, e.g.: "1. Police personnel and financial resources"
  • "QuestionNumber": Number given to a variable in the questionnaire
  • "CountryCode": three letter country code as used within ODCCP (not ISO3166_3 compatible)
  • "Country": Country name in English
  • "Year": year (1995 - 1997)
  • "VariableLabel": Explicit description of a variable
  • "VGC": leading part of the variable identifier
  • "VName": trailing part of the variable identifier
  • "NumValue": the numeric value entered per Country, Variable and Year

SPSSv.10:

Courts 2001 06 27.sav (41KB), zipped (15KB)
Police 2001 06 27.sav (62KB), zipped (24KB)
Prisons 2001 06 27.sav (30KB), zipped (12KB)
Prosecution 2001 06 27.sav (30KB), zipped (12KB)

Explanation:

For each of the four segments the spss data matrices contain the following columns per country:
variable name concatenated with last two digits of year

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Release 2: 29 September 2000

Codebook: codebook.pdf

Section Comments: 6_section_comments.pdf

Nonnumeric responses: 6_nonnum_response.pdf

MS Excel pivot table: Core selector 6 survey 2000 09 28.xls (540KB); zipped (107KB)

Explanation: The pivot table contains the following elements:

  • Chapter: POLICE, PROSECUTION, COURTS and PRISONS.
  • Segment: gives the name of the segment, e.g.: "1. Police personnel and financial resources"
  • Question Number: Number given to a variable in the questionnaire
  • Variable label: Explicit description of a variable
  • Variable Group Code: leading part of the variable identifier
  • Variable Name: trailing part of the variable identifier
  • Country Code: three letter country code as used within ODCCP (not ISO3166_3 compatible)
  • Country name: Country name in English
  • Year: year (1995 - 1997)
  • Value (Sum): the numeric value entered per Country, Variable and Year
    Caution: when summing across dimensions with pivoting operations!

;-delimited ascii file: Core selector 6 survey 2000 09 28.txt (3642KB); zipped (155KB)

Explanation:

  • Columns are separated by semicolons (;)
  • Text colums are enclosed in double quotes (")
  • The first line contains column names, these are:
  • "ChapterID": identifies the four chapters of the questionnaire: 6a, 6b, 6c, and 6d.
  • "Chapter": POLICE, PROSECUTION, COURTS and PRISONS.
  • "SegmentID": identifies the segments from 6a1 through 6d9
  • "Segment": gives the name of the segment, e.g.: "1. Police personnel and financial resources"
  • "QuestionNumber": Number given to a variable in the questionnaire
  • "CountryCode": three letter country code as used within ODCCP (not ISO3166_3 compatible)
  • "Country": Country name in English
  • "Year": year (1995 - 1997)
  • "VariableLabel": Explicit description of a variable
  • "VGC": leading part of the variable identifier
  • "VName": trailing part of the variable identifier
  • "NumValue": the numeric value entered per Country, Variable and Year

SPSSv.8.0:

Courts 2000 09 28.sav (42KB), zipped (15KB)
Police 2000 09 28.sav (63KB), zipped (23KB)
Prisons 2000 09 28.sav (32KB), zipped (11KB)
Prosecution 2000 09 28.sav (31KB), zipped (11KB)

Explanation:

For each of the four segments the spss data matrices contain the following columns per country:
variable name concatenated with last two digits of year

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Release 1: 15 March 2000

MS Excel pivot table: Core selector 6 survey 2000 03 15.xls (1030KB); zipped (240KB)

Explanation: The pivot table contains the following elements:

  • Chapter ID: identifies the four chapters of the questionnaire: 6a, 6b, 6c, and 6d.
  • Chapter: POLICE, PROSECUTION, COURTS and PRISONS.
  • Segment ID: identifies the segments from 6a1 through 6d9
  • Segment: gives the name of the segment, e.g.: "1. Police personnel and financial resources"
  • Question Number: Number given to a variable in the questionnaire
  • Variable label: Explicit description of a variable
  • Variable Label in context: this is the text of a variable as it appears in the questionnaire
  • Variable Group Code: leading part of the variable identifier
  • Variable Name: trailing part of the variable identifier
  • Country Code: three letter country code as used within ODCCP (not ISO3166_3 compatible)
  • Country name: Country name in English
  • Year: year (1995 - 1997)
  • Value (Sum): the numeric value entered per Country, Variable and Year
  • Caution: when summing across dimensions with pivoting operations!

;-delimited ascii file: Core selector 6 survey 2000 03 15.txt (2862KB); zipped (122KB)

Explanation:

  • Columns are separated by semicolons (;)
  • Text colums are enclosed in double quotes (")
  • The first line contains column names, these are:
  • "ChapterID": identifies the four chapters of the questionnaire: 6a, 6b, 6c, and 6d.
  • "Chapter": POLICE, PROSECUTION, COURTS and PRISONS.
  • "SegmentID": identifies the segments from 6a1 through 6d9
  • "Segment": gives the name of the segment, e.g.: "1. Police personnel and financial resources"
  • "QuestionNumber": Number given to a variable in the questionnaire
  • "CountryCode": three letter country code as used within ODCCP (not ISO3166_3 compatible)
  • "Country": Country name in English
  • "Year": year (1995 - 1997)
  • "VariableLabel": Explicit description of a variable
  • "VGC": leading part of the variable identifier
  • "VName": trailing part of the variable identifier
  • "NumValue": the numeric value entered per Country, Variable and Year

SPSSv.8.0: Core selector 6 survey 2000 03 15.sav (761KB); zipped (88KB)

Explanation:

The spss data matrix contains the following columns:
country: Country name in English
qnumber: Number given to a variable in the questionnaire
variable: Explicit description of a variable
v1995: the numeric value entered per Country, Variable and 1995
v1996: the numeric value entered per Country, Variable and 1996
v1997: the numeric value entered per Country, Variable and 1997

Errors if release 1 (corrected in release 2):

The values of variables 12.07 JFCONV Juvenile females convicted in the criminal courts and 12.08
JMCON Juvenile males convicted in the criminal courts are wrongly exchanged in the above
datasets.This error will be corrected in future updates.

In order to be consistent with previous waves of the survey the following variables of the sixth survey will
be renamed in future updates: 19.01 TOPROY to TOPROD, 19.02 ADPROY to ADPROD, 19.03
JUPROY to YUPROD; 20.01 TOPARY to TOPARD, 20.02 ADPARY to ADPARD, 20.03
JUPARY to JUPARD.

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